Obstetrics and Gynecology International / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: The Secret World of Women as Seen by Men

Table 3

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices according to socio-demographic variables.
(a)

Q1. Is FGM/C practiced in your family/household?a Q3. At what age is FGM/C done on girls in your family/household?b,c Q5. Do you take part in the decision making process on FGM/C in your family?a,c
% (95% CI) %(95% CI) % (95% CI)

Total69470.025139.824134.8
Occupation
 Agriculture, livestock, and fishery sector31664.1 (59.8; 68.4)10937.8(32.2; 43.5)10934.6(29.2; 40.0)
 Services sector15175.9(69.7; 82.1)5441.2(32.7; 49.7)6039.7(31.6; 47.9)
 Health professionals5582.1(72.2; 92.0)2040.0(26.3; 53.7)2138.9(24.7; 52.8)
 Education professionals5066.7(55.3; 78.0)1938.8(25.0; 52.6)1530.0(16.3; 43.7)
 Students5676.7(66.3; 87.1)1734.7(21.2; 48.1)1119.6(8.3; 30.9)
P = 0.001P = 0.973P = 0.099

Age
 16–30 years29472.4(67.9; 76.9)9434.8(29.1; 40.5)6722.9(17.9; 27.8)
 31–45 years25565.7(60.9; 70.6)11048.7(42.1; 55.2)11746.1(39.7; 52.4)
 46–60 years9468.6(60.5; 76.7)3236.4(26.2; 46.5)4547.4(36.8; 57.9)
 +60 years5185.0(75.1; 94.9)1532.6(18.9; 46.3)1224.0(11.2; 36.8)
P = 0.011P = 0.009P < 0.0001

Ethnic group
 Mandinka39497.8(96.2; 99.3)15944.8(39.6; 50.0)14436.6(61.8; 41.5)
 Wolof105.1(1.8; 8.5)333.3(0.6; 66.1)333.3(7.5; 70.1)
 Fula15389.0(84.0; 93.9)4834.0(26.2; 41.9)4932.0(24.3; 39.7)
 Serahule1083.3(51.6; 97.9)440.0(7.9; 72.1)440.0(12.2; 73.8)
 Djola95100(96.2; 100.0)2629.9(20.2; 39.6)3132.6(22.7; 42.6)
 Serer1017.2(6.7; 27.8)444.4(9.9; 78.9)330.0(6.7; 35.2)
P < 0.0001P = 0.093P = 0.910

Religion
 Muslim65172.5(69.5; 75.5)24240.8(36.8; 44.8)23135.6(31.8; 39.4)
 Christian927.3(10.6; 44.0)222.219.0
P < 0.0001P = 0.324P = 0.127

Marital status
 Married48369.1(65.6; 72.6)18842.9(38.3; 47.6)18939.3(34.8; 73.8)
 Single17572.9(67.1; 78.7)5132.5(25.1; 38.2)3721.1(14.8; 27.5)
P = 0.265P = 0.022P < 0.0001

To allow a better understanding of the results, the table only presents the percentage of men who answered “yes” to the question.
To allow a better understanding of the results, the table only presents the percentage of men who answered “0–3 years old” to the question.
Only answered if replied “yes” in Q1.
(b)

Q8. Do you know of any health consequences related to FGM/C?a Q9. Is FGM/C a mandatory practice by religion?a Q10. Is FGM/C equivalent to male circumcision?a
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)

Total28028.344346.238839.8
Occupation
 Agriculture, livestock, and fishery sector12224.7(20.7; 28.6)19641.4(36.8; 45.9)17536.2(31.8; 40.5)
 Services sector4824.2(18.0; 30.5)10856.0(48.7; 63.2)9246.9(39.7; 54.2)
 Health professionals3146.3(33.6; 59.0)3047.6(34.5; 60.7)2639.4(26.8; 51.9)
 Education professionals3648.0(36.0; 60.0)3344.6(32.6; 56.6)2838.4(26.5; 50.2)
 Students1926.0(15.3; 36.8)3041.7(29.6; 53.7)2750.0(35.7; 64.3)
P < 0.001P = 0.011P = 0.081

Age
 16–30 years11728.7(24.2; 33.3)17845.3(40.2; 50.3)16340.6(35.7; 45.6)
 31–45 years12231.5(26.8; 36.3)17045.1(39.9; 50.2)14237.4(32.4; 42.4)
 46–60 years3324.1(16.6; 31.6)6449.2(40.3; 58.2)5440.0(31.4; 48.6)
 +60 years815.4(4.6; 26.2)3153.4(39.7; 67.1)2949.2(35.5; 62.8)
P = 0.20P = 0.568P = 0.360

Ethnic group
 Mandinka9724.0(19.7; 28.3)28372.8(68.2; 77.3)23459.4(54.4; 64.4)
 Wolof9347.9(40.7; 55.2)94.7(1.5; 8.0)105.2(1.8; 8.5)
 Fula3319.2(13.0; 25.4)9356.0(48.2; 63.9)7443.8(36.0; 51.6)
 Serahule433.3(9.9; 65.1)975(42.8; 94.5)433.3(9.9; 65.1)
 Djola1616.8(8.8; 24.9)3236.4(25.7; 47.0)4447.3(36.6; 58.0)
 Serer1220.7(9.4; 32.0)610.3(1.6; 19.0)58.6(2.9; 19.0)
P < 0.0001P < 0.0001P < 0.0001

Religion
 Muslim25328.2(25.2; 31.2)42348.7(45.3; 52.1)36441.1(37.8; 44.4)
 Christian1133.3(15.7; 50.9)39.1(1.9; 24.3)618.8(7.2; 36.4)
P = 0.518P < 0.0001P = 0.011

Marital status
 Married19928.5(25.1; 31.9)31246.6(42.8; 50.5)27139.4(35.7; 43.2)
 Single6627.4(21.5; 33.2)10845.6(39.0; 52.1)9539.7(33.3; 46.2)
P = 0.378P = 0.777P = 0.934

To allow a better understanding of the results, the table only presents the percentage of men who answered “yes” to the question.
(c)

Q13. Do you think men have a role to play in preventing FGM/C?a Q15. If you have a daughter in the future, do you intend to circumcise her?a Q16. Do you think that the practice of FGM/C should continue?a
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)

Total51051.658360.960561.8
Occupation
 Agriculture, livestock, and fishery sector25251.2(46.7; 55.7)27556.7(52.2; 61.2)28458.4(54.0; 62.9)
 Services sector9547.7(40.5; 54.9)13068.8(61.9; 75.7)13769.2(62.5; 75.9)
 Health professionals3857.6(44.9; 70.3)3863.3(50.3; 76.4)3859.4(46.6; 72.2)
 Education professionals4865.3(53.9; 76.8)4459.5(47.6; 71.3)4560.8(49.0; 72.6)
 Students3041.1(29.1; 53.1)4055.6(43.4; 67.7)4358.9(46.9; 70.9)

Age
 16–30 years19247.3(42.3; 52.3)25363.4(58.6; 68.3)26265.0(60.2; 69.8)
 31–45 years21856.3(51.3; 61.4)21457.1(51.9; 62.2)21556.3(51.2; 61.4)
 46–60 years7051.1(42.4; 59.8)7862.4(53.5; 71.3)8966.4(58.0; 74.8)
 +60 years3050.8(37.2; 64.5)3864.4(51.3; 77.5)3966.1(53.2; 79.0)

Ethnic group
 Mandinka15137.5(32.6; 42.3)34288.4(85.0; 91.7)34587.1(83.7; 90.6)
 Wolof16383.6(78.1; 89.0)105.2(1.8; 8.6)189.2(4.9; 13.6)
 Fula7342.7(35.0; 50.4)12172.0(64.9; 79.1)12976.3(69.6; 83.0)
 Serahule541.7(15.2; 72.3)866.7(34.9; 90.1)763.6(30.8; 89.1)
 Djola3435.8(25.6; 46.0)7684.4(76.4; 92.5)7883.0(74.8; 91.1)
 Serer4680.7(69.6; 91.8)916.4(5.7; 27.1)1221.1(9.6; 32.5)

Religion
 Muslim44549.7(46.3; 53.0)55463.7(60.4; 66.9)57464.6(61.4; 67.8)
 Christian2575.6(59.6; 91.9)515.6(5.3; 32.8)618.2(7.0; 35.5)

Marital status
 Married36051.7(47.9; 55.4)40860.8(57.0; 64.6)41961.0(57.3; 64.7)
 Single12451.7(45.1; 58.2)14360.3(53.9; 66.8)15263.3(57.0; 69.6)

To allow a better understanding of the results, the table only presents the percentage of men who answered “yes” to the question.

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