Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2016, Article ID 9124676, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9124676
Research Article

Serum Superoxide Dismutase Is Associated with Vascular Structure and Function in Hypertensive and Diabetic Patients

1Research Unit, Primary Care Centre La Alamedilla, SACYL, Avenida de los Comuneros 27, 37003 Salamanca, Spain
2Institute of Biomedical Research of Salamanca (IBSAL), Renal and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Unit, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Salamanca, Avenida Campo Charro s/n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
3Institute of Studies in Health Sciences of Castilla y León (IECSCYL), Research Unit, University Hospital of Salamanca, Paseo San Vicente 58-182, 37007 Salamanca, Spain

Received 17 February 2015; Revised 9 June 2015; Accepted 14 June 2015

Academic Editor: Matías Mosqueira

Copyright © 2016 Manuel A. Gómez-Marcos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Ghiadoni, S. Taddei, and A. Virdis, “Hypertension and endothelial dysfunction: therapeutic approach,” Current Vascular Pharmacology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 42–60, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. Standl, B. Balletshofer, B. Dahl et al., “Predictors of 10-year macrovascular and overall mortality in patients with NIDDM: the Munich General Practitioner Project,” Diabetologia, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 1540–1545, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Versari, E. Daghini, A. Virdis, L. Ghiadoni, and S. Taddei, “Endothelial dysfunction as a target for prevention of cardiovascular disease,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, pp. S314–S321, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. A. Potenza, S. Gagliardi, C. Nacci, M. R. Carratu, and M. Montagnani, “Endothelial dysfunction in diabetes: from mechanisms to therapeutic targets,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 94–112, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. L. Cavalcante, J. A. C. Lima, A. Redheuil, and M. H. Al-Mallah, “Aortic stiffness: current understanding and future directions,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 57, no. 14, pp. 1511–1522, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C.-C. Chen, K.-C. Hung, I.-C. Hsieh, and M.-S. Wen, “Association between peripheral vascular disease indexes and the numbers of vessels obstructed in patients with coronary artery disease,” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 343, no. 1, pp. 52–55, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Kikuya, J. A. Staessen, T. Ohkubo et al., “Ambulatory arterial stiffness index and 24-hour ambulatory pulse pressure as predictors of mortality in Ohasama, Japan,” Stroke, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 1161–1166, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Triantafyllidi, S. Tzortzis, J. Lekakis et al., “Association of target organ damage with three arterial stiffness indexes according to blood pressure dipping status in untreated hypertensive patients,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1265–1272, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. A. Gómez-Marcos, J. I. Recio-Rodríguez, M. C. Patino-Alonso et al., “Ambulatory arterial stiffness indices and target organ damage in hypertension,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 12, article 1, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Shimizu and K. Kario, “Role of the augmentation index in hypertension,” Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 25–35, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. S. Dhalla, R. M. Temsah, and T. Netticadan, “Role of oxidative stress in cardiovascular diseases,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 655–673, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. T. Elnakish, H. H. Hassanain, P. M. Janssen, M. G. Angelos, and M. Khan, “Emerging role of oxidative stress in metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases: important role of Rac/NADPH oxidase,” Journal of Pathology, vol. 231, no. 3, pp. 290–300, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Lacy, D. T. O'Connor, and G. W. Schmid-Schönbein, “Plasma hydrogen peroxide production in hypertensives and normotensive subjects at genetic risk of hypertension,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 291–303, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. R. White, T. A. Brock, L.-Y. Chang et al., “Superoxide and peroxynitrite in atherosclerosis,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 1044–1048, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. K. Cathcart, A. K. McNally, D. W. Morel, and G. M. Chisolm III, “Superoxide anion participation in human monocyte-mediated oxidation of low-density lipoprotein and conversion of low-density lipoprotein to a cytotoxin,” Journal of Immunology, vol. 142, no. 6, pp. 1963–1969, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Fukai and M. Ushio-Fukai, “Superoxide dismutases: role in redox signaling, vascular function, and diseases,” Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1583–1606, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Mancia, R. Fagard, K. Narkiewicz et al., “2013 ESH/ESC Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the Task Force for the management of arterial hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC),” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 31, pp. 1281–1357, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. American Diabetes Association, “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 37, supplement 1, pp. S81–S90, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. E. O'Brien, R. Asmar, L. Beilin et al., “Practice guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension for clinic, ambulatory and self blood pressure measurement,” Journal of Hypertension, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 697–701, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. A. Gómez-Marcos, J. I. Recio-Rodríguez, M. C. Patino-Alonso et al., “Protocol for measuring carotid intima-media thickness that best correlates with cardiovascular risk and target organ damage,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 955–961, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. B. D'Agostino Sr., R. S. Vasan, M. J. Pencina et al., “General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care: the Framingham heart study,” Circulation, vol. 117, no. 6, pp. 743–753, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. H. Indik, S. Goldman, and M. A. Gaballa, “Oxidative stress contributes to vascular endothelial dysfunction in heart failure,” The American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol. 281, no. 4, pp. H1767–H1770, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Navab, G. M. Anantharamaiah, S. T. Reddy, B. J. Van Lenten, B. J. Ansell, and A. M. Fogelman, “Mechanisms of disease: proatherogenic HDL—an evolving field,” Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 504–511, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Ohashi, M. S. Runge, F. M. Faraci, and D. D. Heistad, “MnSOD deficiency increases endothelial dysfunction in ApoE-deficient mice,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 2331–2336, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. A. Austin, B. L. Rodriguez, B. McKnight et al., “Low-density lipoprotein particle size, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol as risk factors for coronary heart disease in older Japanese-American men,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 412–416, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. F. N. Brand, D. L. McGee, W. B. Kannel, J. Stokes III, and W. P. Castelli, “Hyperuricemia as a risk factor of coronary heart disease: the Framingham study,” The American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Alcaino, D. Greig, M. Chiong et al., “Serum uric acid correlates with extracellular superoxide dismutase activity in patients with chronic heart failure,” European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 646–651, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus