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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2017, Article ID 1891849, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1891849
Research Article

Carlina vulgaris L. as a Source of Phytochemicals with Antioxidant Activity

1Department of Analytical Chemistry, Medical University of Lublin, Chodźki 4a, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
2Department of Pharmacognosy, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Marie Curie-Skłodowska 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Staszica 11, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
4Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biology and Biochemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Maciej Strzemski; lp.teno.atzcop@iksmezrts.jeicam and Sławomir Dresler; lp.nilbul.scmu.atzcop@relserd.rimowals

Received 8 June 2017; Revised 17 August 2017; Accepted 6 September 2017; Published 18 October 2017

Academic Editor: Jie Li

Copyright © 2017 Maciej Strzemski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The methanol extracts from three populations of Carlina vulgaris L. were examined for the chlorogenic acid content, mineral content, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity. Two populations originated from natural nonmetallicolous habitats (NN (populations from Nasiłów) and NP (populations from Pińczów)), and one metallicolous population (MB) was collected from Bolesław waste heap localized at the place of former open-cast mining of Ag-Pb and Zn-Pb ores dating back to the 13th century and 18th century, respectively. The level of Zn, Pb, Cd, Fe, Ni, and Mn was significantly higher in the root and leaves of MB plants as a result of soil contaminations compared to those of the NN and NP ones. The highest antioxidant potency has been showed by the plants growing in a nonmetallicolous habitat. The flower head extracts obtained from the nonmetallicolous populations also contained the largest amount of chlorogenic acid, whereas the lowest was determined in the roots (ca. 2–3.5 mg/g and 0.2–0.4 mg/g of air-dry weight, resp.). These studies provide important information on the influence of a habitat on the quality of herbal materials and the content of the biologically active primary and secondary metabolites.