Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Potential of Lichen Compounds as Antidiabetic Agents with Antioxidative Properties: A Review

Table 2

Antioxidant potential of lichens/compounds reported as antidiabetic.

Lichen extracts/compoundsAntioxidant activity [References]Assayed bioactivity type

Flavoparmelia caperata Stojanović et al., 2010 [51]
Mitrović et al., 2011 [52]
DPPH & FRAP assays
DPPH

Parmotrema reticulatumGhate et al., 2013 [53]
Sharma, 2012 [54]
Rajan et al., 2016 [55]
HORAC, ORAC, DPPH, SOI, & NOS
DPPH & FRAP assays
DPPH

Parmotrema tinctorumRaj et al., 2014 [32]
Vivek et al., 2014 [56]
Rajan et al., 2016 [55]
DPPH, ABTS, SOI, HORAC
DPPH
DPPH

ParmotremaRajan et al., 2016 [55]DPPH
PseudotinctorumKumar et al., 2010 [57]DPPH & FRAP
Parmotrema chinenseVivek et al., 2014 [56]DPPH

Everniastrum cirrhatumKekuda et al., 2011 [58]
Kumar et al., 2014 [59]
DPPH, FRAP & MC
DPPH & FRAP

Usnea sinensisPrateeksha et al., 2016 [60]
Devahat et al., 2007 [61]
DPPH

Ramalina pollinariaGulluce et al., 2006 [62]DPPH & ALP

Ramalina celastri Verma et al., 2012 [36]DPPH, ALP, SOI, NOS & TEAC

R. nervulosaVerma et al., 2012 [36]DPPH, ALP, SOI, NOS & TEAC

R. pacificaVerma et al., 2012 [36]DPPH, ALP, SOI, NOS & TEAC

Ramalina conduplicansLuo et al., 2010 [63]
Xia et al., 2015 [64]
Kumar et al., 2009 [65]
DPPH, FRAP & ALP
DPPH & ABTS
DPPH

Ramalina hosseiKumar et al., 2009 [65]
Ranković, 2015 [66]
DPPH
DPPH

Punctelia subrudectaMastan et al., 2014, [67]DPPH and HORAC
Peltigera praetextataZambare and Christopher 2012 [10]

Umbilicaria antarcticaLuo et al., 2009 [68]DPPH, SOI, ALP
Strzalka et al., 2011 [69]tocopherols, plastoquinone & plastochromanol

Stereocaulon alpinumBhattarai et al., 2008 [70]
Bhattarai et al., 2013 [71]
DPPH
DPPH
Caloplaca biatorinaValadbeigi; 2016 [34]DPPH, FRAP

Salazinic acidSelvaraj et al.; 2015 [72]DPPH, FRAP, MC, HORAC, ALP, phosphomolybdenum SOI
Manojlovic et al., 2012 [73]DPPH, SOI
Gyrophoric acidKosanic et al., 2014 [74]DPPH, SOI, FRAP

Sekikaic acid, Usnic acid
Methyl-β-orcinol
carboxylate Methylorsellinate
Lecanoric acid
Methylhaematomate
Orsellinic acid, Lobaric
acid, Divaricatic acid
Thadhani et al., 2011 [18]DPPH, SOI, NOS & MC

DPPH: (1, 1diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging method, FRAP: ferric reducing antioxidant power, MC: metal chelating, SOI: super oxide inhibitory, ALP: anti-linoleic acid peroxidation assay, NOS: nitric oxide-scavenging assay; TEAC: trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assay; HORAC: hydroxyl radical antioxidant capacity, and ORAC: oxygen radical antioxidant capacity.

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