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Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2017, Article ID 7430193, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7430193
Research Article

Protective Effects of Methane-Rich Saline on Rats with Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury

1Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
2Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital Affiliated to the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China
3Department of Navy Aeromedicine, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Chuansen Zhang; moc.621@6102nesnauhcgnahz

Received 29 December 2016; Revised 18 February 2017; Accepted 14 March 2017; Published 2 May 2017

Academic Editor: Zhenquan Jia

Copyright © 2017 Aijun Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this research is to evaluate the protective effects of methane-rich saline (MS) on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute lung injury (ALI) and investigate its potential antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic activities. Methods. LPS-induced (20 mg/kg) ALI rats were injected with MS (2 ml/kg and 20 ml/kg) before the initiation of LPS induction. Survival rate was determined until 96 h after LPS was induced. Lung injury was assayed by oxygenation index, lung permeability index (LPI), wet-to-dry weight (W/D), and histology. The cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were counted. Oxidative stress was examined by the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in BALF were determined by ELISA. Lung tissue apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining and western blotting of caspase-3. Results. It was found that methane significantly prolonged the rat survival, decreased the lung W/D ratio and the content of the inflammatory factors, and reduced the amount of caspase-3 and apoptotic index. In addition, MS increased the level of SOD and decreased the level of MDA significantly. Conclusions. MS protects the LPS-challenged ALI via antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effect, which may prove to be a novel therapy for the clinical management of ALI.