Occupational Therapy International / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effects of a Recollection-Based Occupational Therapy Program of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 2

Contents of the program (provided to the experimental group).

CategoryStage of lifeTaskWhat to recall (or to do)Difficulty

Physical activityChildhood(i) Make a Yut board and play Yut
(ii) Make Tuho with newspaper and play Tuho
(iii) Play cloth Jegichagi
(i) Memories of enjoying fun activities with family during holidays
(ii) Memories of playing Tuho with friends in the town
(iii) Memories of playing Jegichagi in the childhood
Easy
Easy
Easy
Adolescence adulthood(i) Play bowling with plastic bottles
(ii) Play blue flag white flag game
(iii) Play darts
(i) Memories of play bowling with co-workers and having fun
(ii) Memories of attending a sports day at their child’s school
(iii) Memories of playing darts with their child
Medium
Medium
Hard
Late middle age(i) Play the fruit basket game
(ii) Give massage
(iii) Play the “dance with fun, then stop” game
(i) Memories of harvesting crops and fruits in the autumn
(ii) Memories of getting massage from a grandchild
(iii) Memories of dancing with a grandchild and having fun
Medium
Medium
Hard

Musical activityChildhood(i) Point to a body part
(ii) Make a pipe out of a straw and play it
(iii) Play the handbell
(i) Memories of pointing to a body part with friends and singing a song in childhood
(ii) Memories of making a pipe with leaves found in the roadside and playing with it in childhood
(iii) Play the handbell to an easy song such as “twinkle, twinkle, little star”
Easy
Easy
Medium
Adolescence adulthood(i) Sing a song associated with a given word
(ii) Listen to the intro of a song and guess what song it is
(iii) Beat time to traditional music
(i) Memories of songs that they enjoyed and sang often in adulthood
(ii) Listen to the intro of a children’s song that they used to sing for their child and give its correct title
(iii) Memories of attending a town festival with their child and singing songs together
Medium
Hard
Hard
Late middle age(i) Sing songs in different beats and beat time
(ii) Sing a song about hometown
(iii) Listen to a traditional children’s song and do a mask dance
(i) Sing along songs with 2/4, 3/3, and 4/4 beats, and beat time by lightly tapping their fingers on the table
(ii) Sing a song that can help bring up memories of their hometown such as “spring in my hometown” or “Santa Lucia”
(iii) Memories of dancing at a festival in town wearing a mask
Medium
Medium
Easy

Art activityChildhood(i) Draw a fingerprint
(ii) Make a refrigerator magnet
(iii) Make a crystal snowflake
(i) Memories of stamping a seal using their fingerprint in the childhood
(ii) Remember animals or fruits they saw in the past
(iii) Memories of having a snowball fight with friends in the childhood
Medium
Medium
Hard
Adolescence adulthood(i) Make a miniature folding screen
(ii) Dye a cloth bag
(iii) Make a household ledger
(i) Memories of preparing for ancestral rites
(ii) Dye a bag while recalling memories of going grocery shopping with their child
(iii) Make a household ledger while remembering younger days when they managed family finances
Hard
Medium
Medium
Late middle age(i) Draw and decorate the Korean flag
(ii) Make a humidifier using felt cloth
(iii) Dye a T-shirt
(i) Recall how Korea used to be in the past and compare it with the present
(ii) Make a humidifier to protect their skin from getting drier while recalling younger days when they had good skin
(iii) Decorate a T-shirt to give their grandchild as a gift
Easy
Easy
Easy

Horticultural activityChildhood(i) Make a name tag using pressed flower
(ii) Make a frame using beans
(iii) Dye fingernails with garden balsams
(i) Remember their name and find out who they are
(ii) Remember their mother
(iii) Memories of dying fingernails with garden balsams and running around in the field in childhood
Medium
Medium
Easy
Adolescence adulthood(i) Make a dish garden
(ii) Make a topiary face
(iii) Grow buds
(i) Memories of their family living in a small space harmoniously
(ii) Memories of their youth
(iii) Hard but fun memories of raising their child
Medium
Hard
Easy
Late middle age(i) Make a grass doll
(ii) Make a potpourri
(iii) Make a flower basket
(i) Recall what their grandchild looks like
(ii) Memories of darning blankets and sewing in the past
(iii) Memories of receiving flowers from their child as a gift
Medium
Hard
Easy

IADL activityChildhood(i) Play the chopstick game
(ii) Make rice balls
(iii) Do sand play
(i) Pick and move stuff using chopsticks while recalling the memories of learning how to use chopsticks in childhood
(ii) Make rice balls while recalling ones they ate during the Korean war
(iii) Memories of playing with earth with friends in childhood (feel what earth is like)
Hard
Medium
Medium
Adolescence adulthood(i) Hang the laundry
(ii) Sew
(iii) Flip holiday food
(i) Memories of washing their young child’s clothes and hanging them on a clothesline
(ii) Try sewing using a thick thread and felt cloth, and recall mending their child’s clothes
(iii) Try flipping through printed images of holiday food and recall preparing for holidays
Easy
Medium
Easy
Late middle age(i) Walk on a balance board
(ii) Draw a rough map
(iii) Make my own calendar
(i) Practice maintaining balance on a balance board
(ii) Draw a rough map while recalling their current house and former houses
(iii) Write down important family events
Medium
Hard
Easy

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