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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 291294, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/291294
Research Article

Delineating a Retesting Zone Using Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis on Serial QuantiFERON Tuberculosis Test Results in US Healthcare Workers

1Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Avenue MC-, Palo Alto, CA 94304-1207, USA
2Occupational Health Strategic Health Care Group, Office of Public Health, Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC 20006, USA
3Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94304, USA
4War Related Illness and Injury Study Center (WRIISC) and Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
5Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94304, USA
6Department of Occupational Health, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
7University Health Services, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

Received 5 October 2012; Revised 29 November 2012; Accepted 30 November 2012

Academic Editor: Anete Trajman

Copyright © 2012 Wendy Thanassi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To find a statistically significant separation point for the QuantiFERON Gold In-Tube (QFT) interferon gamma release assay that could define an optimal “retesting zone” for use in serially tested low-risk populations who have test “reversions” from initially positive to subsequently negative results. Method. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis (ROC) to analyze retrospective data collected from 3 major hospitals, we searched for predictors of reversion until statistically significant separation points were revealed. A confirmatory regression analysis was performed on an additional sample. Results. In 575 initially positive US healthcare workers (HCWs), 300 (52.2%) had reversions, while 275 (47.8%) had two sequential positive tests. The most statistically significant (Kappa = 0.48, chi-square = 131.0, ) separation point identified by the ROC for predicting reversion was the tuberculosis antigen minus-nil (TBag-nil) value at 1.11 International Units per milliliter (IU/mL). The second separation point was found at TBag-nil at 0.72 IU/mL (Kappa = 0.16, chi-square = 8.2, ). The model was validated by the regression analysis of 287 HCWs. Conclusion. Reversion likelihood increases as the TBag-nil approaches the manufacturer's cut-point of 0.35 IU/mL. The most statistically significant separation point between those who test repeatedly positive and those who revert is 1.11 IU/mL. Clinicians should retest low-risk individuals with initial QFT results < 1.11 IU/mL.