Pulmonary Medicine

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Publishing date
25 Jan 2013
Submission deadline
07 Sep 2012

Lead Editor

1Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

2Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

3Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

4Centro de Referência Professor Helio Fraga, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Pulmonary Tuberculosis


Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health issue worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2010, there were 8.8 million incident cases of TB, 1.1 million deaths from TB among HIV-negative people and an additional 0.35 million deaths from HIV-associated TB. In recent years, after a century of stagnation, new diagnostic technologies have been developed to detect active and latent TB. They are being evaluated for accuracy and cost effectiveness in many countries. Likewise, new drugs and regimens to treat active and latent TB are being evaluated. Without an effort to prevent, diagnose, and treat active cases, the world will not attain the millennium goal of eradicating TB until 2050.

This special issue of the journal focuses on the scientific and clinical advances in the immune aspects, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of latent and active TB as well as operational and translational research. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Immune response to human mycobacterial disease
  • Social determinants of TB
  • Biomarkers of latent TB, risk for developing active TB and cure of infection
  • Diagnostic tests for active and latent TB
  • Treatment of latent TB infection
  • Treatment of active TB
  • Advances in TB/HIV coinfection
  • Vaccines
  • Cost effectiveness and incorporation of new technologies for diagnosing and treating latent and active TB
  • Directly observed therapy, access to health services, barriers to the health system
  • Case-finding strategies for active TB
  • TB in vulnerable populations (just below social determinants of TB)
  • XDR epidemiology, treatment including surgery

Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal's Author Guidelines, which are located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/pm/guidelines/. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/ according to the following timetable:


  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2013
  • - Article ID 645747
  • - Editorial

Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Anete Trajman | José R. Lapa e Silva | ... | Jonathan E. Golub
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2013
  • - Article ID 828939
  • - Review Article

Risk Factors for Tuberculosis

Padmanesan Narasimhan | James Wood | ... | Dilip Mathai
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2013
  • - Article ID 601737
  • - Review Article

Interferon-Gamma Release Assays versus Tuberculin Skin Testing for the Diagnosis of Latent Tuberculosis Infection: An Overview of the Evidence

A. Trajman | R. E. Steffen | D. Menzies
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 291294
  • - Research Article

Delineating a Retesting Zone Using Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis on Serial QuantiFERON Tuberculosis Test Results in US Healthcare Workers

Wendy Thanassi | Art Noda | ... | Jerome A. Yesavage
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 757152
  • - Clinical Study

Levels of Interferon-Gamma Increase after Treatment for Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a High-Transmission Setting

Iukary Takenami | Brook Finkmoore | ... | Sérgio Arruda
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 828106
  • - Research Article

Cigarette-Smoking Intensity and Interferon-Gamma Release Assay Conversion among Persons Who Inject Drugs: A Cohort Study

Sanghyuk S. Shin | Manuel Gallardo | ... | Richard S. Garfein
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 469128
  • - Research Article

Mannose-Binding Lectin Promoter Polymorphisms and Gene Variants in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients from Cantabria (Northern Spain)

J.-Gonzalo Ocejo-Vinyals | Lucía Lavín-Alconero | ... | Francisco Leyva-Cobián
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 745483
  • - Review Article

Role of TNF-Alpha, IFN-Gamma, and IL-10 in the Development of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Yone Vila Nova Cavalcanti | Maria Carolina Accioly Brelaz | ... | Valéria Rêgo Alves Pereira
Pulmonary Medicine
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