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PPAR Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 738785, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/738785
Review Article

Antioxidant Stress and Anti-Inflammation of PPARα on Warm Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, China

Received 25 July 2012; Revised 27 September 2012; Accepted 10 October 2012

Academic Editor: Yasuteru Kondo

Copyright © 2012 Zhixin Gao and Yuan-Hai Li. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a serious clinical problem. Minimizing the adverse effect of ischemia-reperfusion injury after liver surgery or trauma is an urgent need. It has been proved that besides the effect of regulating the lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, PPARα also undertakes the task of organ protection. In this paper, related literature has been summarized and we come to the conclusion that administration of PPARα agonists can strengthen the antioxidant and anti-inflammation defense system by the upregulation of the expression of antioxidant enzymes and inhibition of NF-κB activity. This may provide a potential clinical treatment for hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.