Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations

Advanced Computational Models for Accelerator Driven Systems


Publishing date
15 May 2012
Status
Published
Submission deadline
15 Nov 2011

Lead Editor

1Applied Physics & Nuclear Data Section, Argonne National Laboratory Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne, IL 60439-4814, USA

2Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy

3Reactor Physics Division, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden


Advanced Computational Models for Accelerator Driven Systems

Description

In the nuclear engineering scientific community, accelerator-driven systems (ADSs) have been proposed and investigated for the transmutation of nuclear waste, especially plutonium and minor actinides. These materials have a quite low effective delayed neutron fraction relative to uranium; therefore the subcriticality of the core offers a unique safety feature with respect to critical reactors. The intrinsic safety of ADS allows the elimination of the operational control rods; hence the reactivity excess during burn-up can be managed by the intensity of the proton beam, fuel shuffling, and eventually burnable poisons. However, the intrinsic safety of a subcritical system does not guarantee that ADS are immune from severe accidents (core melting) since the decay heat of an ADS is very similar to the one of a critical system. Normally, ADSs operate with an effective multiplication factor between 0.98 and 0.92, which means that the spallation neutron source contributes only 2–8% to the neutron population. For 1 GeV incident protons and lead-bismuth target, about 50% of the spallation neutrons have energy below 1 MeV and only 15% of spallation neutrons have energies above 3 MeV. In the light of these remarks, the transmutation performances of ADS are very close to those of critical reactors.

This special issue aims at stimulating contributions on the most recent advances in the development of computational methods for the simulation and the assessment of ADS technology. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Accident scenarios
  • Comparison of deterministic and Monte Carlo analyses
  • Conceptual designs
  • Discussion and comparison of different properties of critical and subcritical cores
  • Experimental analyses and interpretations
  • Fuel cycles, transmutation performances, and optimization
  • Material damage
  • Modeling of the spallation reaction
  • Nuclear data and sensitivity analyses
  • Thermal hydraulic analyses

Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal's Author Guidelines, which are located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/stni/guidelines/. Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at http://mts.hindawi.com/ according to the following timetable:


Articles

  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 376164
  • - Editorial

Advanced Computational Models for Accelerator-Driven Systems

Alberto Talamo | Piero Ravetto | Waclaw Gudowski
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 373979
  • - Research Article

Investigation of the Energy Correlations of Spallation Neutrons by Monte Carlo Simulations

Máté Szieberth | Gábor Radócz
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 480343
  • - Research Article

Monte Carlo Calculation of Fragment Distributions in Nuclear Reactions

A. Deppman | E. Andrade-II | ... | J. R. Maiorino
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 140946
  • - Research Article

Solutions without Space-Time Separation for ADS Experiments: Overview on Developments and Applications

B. Merk | V. Glivici-Cotruţă
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 620808
  • - Research Article

Two-Group Theory of the Feynman-Alpha Method for Reactivity Measurement in ADS

Lénárd Pál | Imre Pázsit
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 629039
  • - Research Article

Interpretation of Local Flux Measurements in Subcritical Systems and Reactivity Determination

S. Dulla | P. Ravetto
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 934105
  • - Research Article

Study of an ADS Loaded with Thorium and Reprocessed Fuel

Graiciany de Paula Barros | Claubia Pereira | ... | Antonella L. Costa
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 395878
  • - Research Article

Subcritical Multiplication Parameters of the Accelerator-Driven System with 100 MeV Protons at the Kyoto University Critical Assembly

Jae-Yong Lim | Cheol Ho Pyeon | ... | Tsuyoshi Misawa
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 915496
  • - Research Article

Nuclear Level Density Parameters of and Deformed Target Isotopes Used on Accelerator-Driven Systems in Collective Excitation Modes

Şeref Okuducu | Nisa N. Aktı | ... | M. Orhan Kansu
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2012
  • - Article ID 240693
  • - Research Article

Detector Dead Time Determination and Optimal Counting Rate for a Detector Near a Spallation Source or a Subcritical Multiplying System

V. Bécares | J. Blázquez
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate32%
Submission to final decision60 days
Acceptance to publication39 days
CiteScore1.700
Impact Factor0.825
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