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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 139028, 12 pages
Review Article

Distributed Cooperative Regulation for Multiagent Systems and Its Applications to Power Systems: A Survey

1School of Automation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2China Electric Power Research Institute, Nanjing 210003, China
3Research Center for Complex Systems and Network Sciences, Department of Mathematics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
4Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
5School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China

Received 21 July 2014; Accepted 11 August 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Wenwu Yu

Copyright © 2014 Jianqiang Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cooperative regulation of multiagent systems has become an active research area in the past decade. This paper reviews some recent progress in distributed coordination control for leader-following multiagent systems and its applications in power system and mainly focuses on the cooperative tracking control in terms of consensus tracking control and containment tracking control. Next, methods on how to rank the network nodes are summarized for undirected/directed network, based on which one can determine which follower should be connected to leaders such that partial followers can perceive leaders’ information. Furthermore, we present a survey of the most relevant scientific studies investigating the regulation and optimization problems in power systems based on distributed strategies. Finally, some potential applications in the frequency tracking regulation of smart grids are discussed at the end of the paper.