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VLSI Design
Volume 12 (2001), Issue 3, Pages 415-429

Efficient Low Power/Low Swing Bus Design Architectures

VLSI Design Laboratory, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Received 20 June 2000; Revised 3 August 2000

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Novel low-power circuits based on low swing voltage technique, in the internal nodes of bus architectures, are proposed. Different classes of driver/receiver and repeater circuits are presented. They are implemented on conventional CMOS technology. The proposed technique is based on inserting a variable number of MOSFET transistors in the driver circuits, causing variable low swing voltage levels in the output of the driver circuits. In order to re-pull up the low swing voltage to full swing, innovated high-speed, crosscoupled latch voltage receiver circuits are proposed. In applications having high load capacitance due to long interconnections, novel repeater circuits, based also on low swing voltage technique, are introduced. The difference between the values of threshold voltage of the nMOS transistor and the pMOS transistors is exploited to decrease the power dissipation. The effect of the proposed technique in noise margins is also analysed.