Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Research Letters in Materials Science
Volume 2008, Article ID 850975, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/850975
Research Letter

Production of Carbon Nanofibers Using a CVD Method with Lithium Fluoride as a Supported Cobalt Catalyst

Materials Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch, P.O. Box 36155-163, Shahrood, Iran

Received 26 September 2007; Accepted 26 December 2007

Academic Editor: Maria Antonietta Loi

Copyright © 2008 S. A. Manafi and S. H. Badiee. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Iijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon,” Nature, vol. 354, no. 6348, pp. 56–58, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Ouyang, J.-L. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Fundamental electronic properties and applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 1018–1025, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. M. J. Treacy, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. M. Gibson, “Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes,” Nature, vol. 381, no. 6584, pp. 678–680, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. Y. F. Yin, T. Mays, and B. McEnaney, “Adsorption of nitrogen in carbon nanotube arrays,” Langmuir, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 8714–8718, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. Li and Y. Xia, “Direct fabrication of composite and ceramic hollow nanofibers by electrospinning,” Nano Letters, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 933–938, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. Y.-H. Li, J. Ding, Z. Luan et al., “Competitive adsorption of Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions by multiwalled carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 2787–2792, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. W. H. Zhong, J. Li, C. M. Lukehart, and L. R. Xu, “Graphitic carbon nanofiber (GCNF)/polymer materials. II. GCNF/epoxy monoliths using reactive oxydianiline linker molecules and the effect of nanofiber reinforcement on curing conditions,” Polymer Composites, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 128–135, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Li and C. M. Lukehart, “Formation of graphitic carbon nanofiber (GCNF)/silica gel composites using surface-functionalized GCNFs and sol-gel processing,” Composite Interfaces, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 525–535, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. L. R. Xu, V. Bhamidipati, W.-H. Zhong et al., “Mechanical property characterization of a polymeric nanocomposite reinforced by graphitic nanofibers with reactive linkers,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 38, no. 18, pp. 1563–1582, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Y.-M. Shyu and F. C.-N. Hong, “The effects of pre-treatment and catalyst composition on growth of carbon nanofibers at low temperature,” Diamond and Related Materials, vol. 10, no. 3–7, pp. 1241–1245, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. J.-M. Ting and N. Z. Huang, “Thickening of chemical vapor deposited carbon fiber,” Carbon, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 835–839, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. M. Ritschel, M. Uhlemann, O. Gutfleisch et al., “Hydrogen storage in different carbon nanostructures,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 80, no. 16, pp. 2985–2987, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. V. Ivanov, J. B. Nagy, Ph. Lambin et al., “The study of carbon nanotubes produced by catalytic method,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 223, no. 4, pp. 329–335, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. V. Vinciguerra, F. Buonocore, G. Panzera, and L. Occhipinti, “Growth mechanisms in chemical vapour deposited carbon nanotubes,” Nanotechnology, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 655–660, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. S. J. Tauster, S. C. Fung, and R. L. Garten, “Strong metal-support interactions. Group 8 noble metals supported on TiO2,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 170–175, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. Borowiechi, “Effect of the support on the coking of nickel catalysts in hydrocarbon steam reforming,” Reaction Kinetics and Catalysis Letters, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 429–434, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. I. Yudanov, G. Pacchioni, K. Neyman, and N. Rösch, “Systematic density functional study of the adsorption of transition metal atoms on the MgO(001) surface,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 101, no. 15, pp. 2786–2792, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. C. Davis and K. J. Klabunde, “Unsupported small metal particles: preparation, reactivity, and characterization,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 153–208, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. S. J. Tauster, S. C. Fung, R. T. K. Baker, and J. A. Horsley, “Strong interactions in supported-metal catalysts,” Science, vol. 211, no. 4487, pp. 1121–1125, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. E. Couteau, K. Hernadi, J. W. Seo et al., “CVD synthesis of high-purity multiwalled carbon nanotubes using CaCO3 catalyst support for large-scale production,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 378, no. 1-2, pp. 9–17, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. D. Lupu, A. R. Biris, I. Misan et al., “Growth of nanoscale carbon structures and their corresponding hydrogen uptake properties,” Particulate Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 225–234, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. D. Lupu, A. R. Biris, A. Jianu et al., “Carbon nanostructures produced by CCVD with induction heating,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 503–507, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Okamoto and H. Shinohara, “Control of diameter distribution of single-walled carbon nanotubes using the zeolite-CCVD method at atmospheric pressure,” Carbon, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 431–436, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. L. Piao, Y. Li, J. Chen, L. Chang, and J. Y. Lin, “Methane decomposition to carbon nanotubes and hydrogen on an alumina supported nickel aerogel catalyst,” Catalysis Today, vol. 74, no. 1-2, pp. 145–155, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. C. J. Lee, J. Park, Y. Huh, and J. Y. Lee, “Temperature effect on the growth of carbon nanotubes using thermal chemical vapor deposition,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 343, no. 1-2, pp. 33–38, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. R. D. Bach, G. J. Wolber, and H. B. Schlegel, “The origin of the barriers to thermally allowed, six-electron, pericyclic reactions: the effect of HOMO-HOMO interactions on the trimerization of acetylene,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 107, no. 10, pp. 2837–2841, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, A. Jorio, A. G. Souza Filho, and R. Saito, “Raman spectroscopy on isolated single wall carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2043–2061, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar