Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 768143, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/768143
Research Article

Powder Characterization and Electrochemical Properties of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Materials Produced by Large Spray Pyrolysis Using Flame Combustion

Graduate School of Fiber Amenity Engineering, University of Fukui, 9-1 Bunkyo 3, Fukui-shi, Fukui 910-8507, Japan

Received 2 April 2011; Accepted 7 June 2011

Academic Editor: Joseph Lai

Copyright © 2011 Shinsuke Akao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Karden, S. Ploumen, B. Fricke, T. Miller, and K. Snyder, “Energy storage devices for future hybrid electric vehicles,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 2–11, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Mizushima, P. C. Jones, P. J. Wiseman, and J. B. Goodenough, “LixCoO2(0<x1): a new cathode material for batteries of high energy density,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 783–789, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Guyomard and J. M. Tarascon, “The carbon/Li1+xMn2O4 system,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 69, no. 3-4, pp. 222–237, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Z. Pegeng, F. Huiqing, F. Yunfei, L. Zhuo, and D. Yongli, “Synthesis and electrochemical properties of sol-gel derived LiMn2O4 cathode for lithium-ion batteries,” Rare Metals, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 100–104, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Markovsky, Y. Talyossef, G. Salitra, D. Aurbach, H. J. Kim, and S. Choi, “Cycling and storage performance at elevated temperatures of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 positive electrodes for advanced 5 V Li-ion batteries,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 821–826, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. Y. Idemoto, H. Sekine, K. Ui, and N. Koura, “Physical property, crystal structure and electrode performance depend on synthetic condition of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 as cathode materials for 5 V class lithium secondary battery,” Electrochemistry, vol. 72, no. 8, pp. 564–568, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Idemoto, Y. Tsunoda, and N. Koura, “Thermodynamic stability and cathode performance of LiMn 2-xNixO4 as an active material for Li secondary battery,” Electrochemistry, vol. 72, no. 8, pp. 557–563, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Fan, J. Wang, X. Ye, and J. Zhang, “Physical properties and electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material prepared by a coprecipitation method,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. X. Fang, N. Ding, X. Y. Feng, Y. Lu, and C. H. Chen, “Study of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 synthesized via a chloride-ammonia co-precipitation method: electrochemical performance, diffusion coefficient and capacity loss mechanism,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 54, no. 28, pp. 7471–7475, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. D. Li, A. Ito, K. Kobayakawa, H. Noguchi, and Y. Sato, “Electrochemical characteristics of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 prepared by spray drying and post-annealing,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1919–1924, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. S. Lee, Y. K. Sun, S. Ota, T. Miyashita, and M. Yoshio, “Preparation and characterization of nano-crystalline LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 for 5 V cathode material by composite carbonate process,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 989–994, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. T. Yang, K. Sun, Z. Lei, N. Zhang, and Y. Lang, “The influence of holding time on the performance of LiNi 0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode for lithium ion battery,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 502, no. 1, pp. 215–219, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. H. Y. Xu, S. Xie, N. Ding, B. L. Liu, Y. Shang, and C. H. Chen, “Improvement of electrochemical properties of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel prepared by radiated polymer gel method,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, no. 21, pp. 4352–4357, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Q. Liu, Y. J. Wang, Q. Lu, W. Li, and C. Hui, “Synthesis and electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel compound,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 50, pp. 1956–1968, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  15. H. S. Fang, Z. X. Wang, X. H. Li, H. J. Guo, and W. J. Peng, “Low temperature synthesis of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel,” Materials Letters, vol. 60, no. 9-10, pp. 1273–1275, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. H. S. Fang, Z. X. Wang, X. H. Li, H. J. Guo, and W. J. Peng, “Exploration of high capacity LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 synthesized by solid-state reaction,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 153, no. 1, pp. 174–176, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Wu, C. V. Rao, and B. Rambabu, “Electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 prepared by improved solid state method as cathode in hybrid supercapacitor,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 116, no. 2-3, pp. 532–535, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. X. Fang, Y. Lu, N. Ding, X. Y. Feng, C. Liu, and C. H. Chen, “Electrochemical properties of nano- and micro-sized LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 synthesized via thermal decomposition of a ternary eutectic Li-Ni-Mn acetate,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 832–837, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. L. Wen, Q. Lu, and G. Xu, “Molten salt synthesis of spherical LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 51, no. 21, pp. 4388–4392, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. H. Kim, S. T. Myung, and Y. K. Sun, “Molten salt synthesis of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel for 5 V class cathode material of Li-ion secondary battery,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 219–227, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. G. L. Messing, S. C. Zhang, and G. V. Jayanthi, “Ceramic powder synthesis by spray pyrolysis,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 76, no. 11, pp. 2707–2726, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Ogihara, H. Aikiyo, N. Ogata et al., “Particle morphology and battery properties of lithium manganate synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis,” Advanced Powder Technology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 437–445, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. I. Mukoyama, T. Kodera, N. Ogata, and T. Ogihara, “Synthesis and lithium battery properties of LiM(M=Fe,Al,Mg)XMn2-XO4 powders by spray pyrolysis,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 301, pp. 167–170, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Ogihara, T. Kodera, K. Myoujin, and S. Motohira, “Preparation and electrochemical properties of cathode materials for lithium ion battery by aerosol process,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 161, pp. 109–114, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. H. Park and Y. K. Sun, “Synthesis and electrochemical properties of 5 V spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 50, no. 2-3, pp. 431–434, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. K. Myojin, T. Ogihara, N. Ogata et al., “Synthesis of non-stoichiometric lithium manganate fine powders by internal combustion-type spray pyrolysis using gas burner,” Advanced Powder Technology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 397–403, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Yamada, B. Dongying, T. Kodera, K. Myoujin, and T. Ogihara, “Mass production of cathode materials for lithium ion battery by flame type spray pyrolysis,” Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol. 117, no. 1369, pp. 1017–1020, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. H. Kim, S. T. Myung, and Y. K. Sun, “Molten salt synthesis of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel for 5 V class cathode material of Li-ion secondary battery,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 219–227, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Aklalouch, J. M. Amarilla, R. M. Rojas, I. Saadoune, and J. M. Rojo, “Sub-micrometric LiCr0.2Ni0.4Mn1.4O4 spinel as 5 V-cathode material exhibiting huge rate capability at 25 and 55°C,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 548–552, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus