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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 168780, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/168780
Research Article

Photocatalytic Degradation of Dichlorvos in Visible Light by - Nanocatalyst

1Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, School of Chemistry, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530003, India
2Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500007, India

Received 30 January 2012; Revised 8 March 2012; Accepted 19 March 2012

Academic Editor: Guohua Jiang

Copyright © 2012 T. Siva Rao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Photocatalytic activity of TiO2 was studied by doping with magnesium (Mg2+-TiO2) with varying magnesium weight percentages ranging from 0.75–1.5 wt%. The doped and undoped samples were synthesized by sol-gel method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption (BET), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD data has shown that anatase crystalline phase in Mg2+-TiO2 catalysts, indicating that Mg2+ ions did not influence the crystal patterns of TiO2. The presence of magnesium ions in TiO2 matrix has been determined by XPS spectra. DRS spectra showed that there is a significant absorption shift towards the visible region for doped TiO2. The SEM images and BET results showed that doped catalyst has smaller particle size and highest surface area than undoped TiO2. The photocatalytic efficiency of the synthesized catalysts was investigated by the photocatalytic degradation of aqueous dichlorvos (DDVP) under visible light irradiation, and it was found that the Mg2+-doped catalysts have better catalytic activity than undoped TiO2. This can be attributed that there is a more efficient electron-hole creation in Mg2+-TiO2 in visible light, contrary to undoped TiO2 which can be excited only in UV irradiation. The effect of dopant concentration, pH of solution, dosage of catalysts, and initial pesticide concentration has been studied.