Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 965418, 8 pages
Research Article

Series Resistance Analysis of Passivated Emitter Rear Contact Cells Patterned Using Inkjet Printing

1Electrical Engineering Department, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2Energy Australia, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia

Received 1 March 2012; Revised 4 August 2012; Accepted 22 August 2012

Academic Editor: Fengqiang Sun

Copyright © 2012 Martha A. T. Lenio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For higher-efficiency solar cell structures, such as the Passivated Emitter Rear Contact (PERC) cells, to be fabricated in a manufacturing environment, potentially low-cost techniques such as inkjet printing and metal plating are desirable. A common problem that is experienced when fabricating PERC cells is low fill factors due to high series resistance. This paper identifies and attempts to quantify sources of series resistance in inkjet-patterned PERC cells that employ electroless or light-induced nickel-plating techniques followed by copper light-induced plating. Photoluminescence imaging is used to determine locations of series resistance losses in these inkjet-patterned and plated PERC cells.