Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 1276596, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1276596
Research Article

A Numerical Modelling Approach for Time-Dependent Deformation of Hot Forming Tools under the Creep-Fatigue Regime

DIN Department, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy

Received 31 January 2016; Accepted 10 July 2016

Academic Editor: Jun Liu

Copyright © 2016 B. Reggiani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Lemaitre and J. L. Chaboche, Mechanics of Solid Materials, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1990.
  2. R. Domagaoj, Lifetime Prediction and Constitutive Modeling for Creep-Fatigue Interaction, vol. 13 of Materialkundlich-Technische Reihe, Gebruder Borntraeger, Berlin, Germany, 1996.
  3. M. Deshpande, A. Groseclose, and T. Altan, “Selection of die materials and surface treatments for increasing die life in hot and warm forging,” in Proceedings of the FIATECH Technology Conference & Showcase, Paper no. 644-FIA, April 2011.
  4. R. Ebara and K. Kubota, “Failure analysis of hot forging dies for automotive components,” Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 881–893, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. K. Kosec, L. Kosec, and J. Kopač, “Analysis of casting die failures,” Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 355–359, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. F. M. Arif, A. K. Sheikh, S. Z. Qamar, and K. M. Al-Fuhaid, “Modes of die failure and tool complexity in hot extrusion of Al-6063,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Production Research (ICPR '01), Prague, Czech Republic, 2001.
  7. A. F. M. Arif, A. K. Sheikh, and S. Z. Qamar, “A study of die failure mechanisms in aluminum extrusion,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 318–328, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. K. Sheikh, A. F. M. Arif, and S. Z. Qamar, “A probabilistic study of failures of solid and hollow dies in hot aluminum extrusion,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 155-156, no. 1–3, pp. 1740–1748, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Kocanda, “Die deformation and geometry of extruded components,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Industrial Tools (ICIT '99), pp. 69–78, Rogaška Slatina, Slovenia, April 1999.
  10. M. M. Kostic and L. G. Reifschneider, “Design of extrusion dies,” in Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing, S. Lee, Ed., pp. 633–649, CRC Press, New York, NY, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  11. T. Pinter and B. Reggiani, “Quantitative evaluation of porthole dies design practices by means of FE analyses,” in Proceedings of the Aluminum Two Thousand 8th World Congress, Milan, Italy, May 2013.
  12. D. Pietzka, N. B. Khalifa, L. Donati, L. Tomesani, and A. E. Tekkaya, “Extrusion benchmark 2009 experimental analysis of deflection in extrusion dies,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 424, pp. 19–26, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. Reggiani, L. Donati, and L. Tomesani, “Evaluation of different FE simulation codes in the stress analysis of extrusion dies,” International Journal of Material Forming, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 395–398, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. Ahmer, V. Velay, G. Bernhart, and F. Rézaï-Aria, “Cyclic behaviour simulation of X38CRMOV5-47HRC (AISI H11)-tempered martensitic hot-work tool steel,” International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, vol. 3, no. 2-3, pp. 326–335, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. T. Wang, R. S. Lee, H. Y. Li, and C. H. Chen, “Optimal die design for three-dimensional porthole extrusion using the Taguchi method,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 220, no. 6, pp. 1005–1009, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. V. Velay, G. Bernhart, D. Delagnes, and L. Penazzi, “A continuum damage model applied to high-temperature fatigue lifetime prediction of a martensitic tool steel,” Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1009–1023, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Sommitsch, R. Sievert, T. Wlanis, B. Günther, and V. Wieser, “Modelling of creep-fatigue in containers during aluminium and copper extrusion,” Computational Materials Science, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 55–64, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. L. Chaboche, “Constitutive equations for cyclic plasticity and cyclic viscoplasticity,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 247–302, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. L. Chaboche, “On some modifications of kinematic hardening to improve the description of ratchetting effects,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 661–678, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. V. Velay, G. Bernhart, and L. Penazzi, “Cyclic behavior modeling of a tempered martensitic hot work tool steel,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 459–496, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  21. B. Reggiani, L. Donati, J. Zhou, and L. Tomesani, “The role of creep and fatigue in determining the high-temperature behaviour of AISI H11 tempered steel for aluminium extrusion dies,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 210, no. 12, pp. 1613–1623, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Velay, D. Delagnes, and G. Bernhart, “Advances in cyclic behavior and lifetime modeling of tempered martensitic steels based on microstructural considerations,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 378-379, pp. 81–100, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. K. Penny and D. L. Marriott, Design for Creep, McGraw-Hill, Maidenhead, UK, 1971.
  24. H. Berns, C. Broeckmann, and H. F. Hinz, “Creep of high speed steels part I-experimental investigations,” in Proceedings of the the 6th International Tooling Conference, pp. 325–337, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden, September 2002.
  25. H. Berns and F. Pschenitzka, “Das Kriechverhalten von Warmarbeitsstählen mit 5% Chrom,” Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 258–264, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. B. Reggiani, L. Donati, and L. Tomesani, “Thermal-electric simulations for the temperature settings in a creep-fatigue test,” in Proceedings of the 27th Danubia Adria Symposium, Wrocław, Poland, September 2010.
  27. HyperXtrude (version 12.0), Simulation software for Extrusion Process, Altair Engineering Inc, USA, http://www.altairhyperworks.com.
  28. B. Reggiani, A. Segatori, L. Donati, and L. Tomesani, “Prediction of charge welds in hollow profiles extrusion by FEM simulations and experimental validation,” International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 69, no. 5–8, pp. 1855–1872, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Zhang, G. Zhao, Z. Chen, H. Chen, and F. Kou, “Effect of extrusion stem speed on extrusion process for a hollow aluminum profile,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 177, no. 19, pp. 1691–1697, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Reddy and L. Mazzoni, “Benchmark results,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Extrusion and Benchmark, pp. 99–102, Bologna, Italy, September 2007.