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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 2842969, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2842969
Research Article

Effect of Crushed Glass Cullet Sizes on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Red Clay Bricks

1Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Av. Veterinaria S/N, Circuito Universitario, 34120 Durango, DGO, Mexico
2Innovación y Desarrollo en Materiales Avanzados A. C., Grupo POLYnnova, Carr. San Luis Potosí-Guadalajara 1510, Nivel 3, Local 12, Lomas del Tecnológico, 78211 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
3Mabe, Manzana 10 eje 128 and Blvd. CFE, Zona Industrial, 78395 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
4Universidad del Papaloapan, Campus Tuxtepec, C. Circuito Central No. 200, Col. Parque Industrial, 38301 Tuxtepec, OAX, Mexico
5Universidad del Papaloapan, Campus Loma Bonita, Av. Ferrocarril S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, 68400 Loma Bonita, OAX, Mexico

Received 17 June 2016; Revised 14 October 2016; Accepted 27 October 2016

Academic Editor: Wei Zhou

Copyright © 2016 Patricia Ponce Peña et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study reports the effect of clear waste glass from bottles added on 20 to 30 wt.% and variable particle size (<500, <300, and <212 μm), into clay mixtures for the handmade brick manufacturing process. The bricks were manufactured with mixtures of clay, crushed glass, and water in different proportions, homogenized, casted in wooden molds, air-dried at room temperature for 72 h, and sintered at 1000°C for 12 h. Total shrinkage, water absorption, compressive strength, microstructure, and phase composition are discussed with respect to glass content and its particle size. The results indicate that increasing the content of glass and decreasing its particle size enhanced significantly the brick properties of water absorption and compressive strength by up to 18.5% and 6.8 MPa, for bricks with 30 wt% and particle size lower than 212 μm. It is proposed that decreasing the glass particle size its surface area increases allowing easier melting of glass by lower energy consumption, reducing porosity and enhancing brick properties.