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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 4126163, 12 pages
Review Article

Effects of Solution-Based Fabrication Conditions on Morphology of Lead Halide Perovskite Thin Film Solar Cells

California State University, Chico, 400 W. 1st Street, Chico, CA 95929-0210, USA

Received 9 April 2016; Revised 5 June 2016; Accepted 19 June 2016

Academic Editor: Rafiq Ahmad

Copyright © 2016 Jeremy L. Barnett et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We present a critical review of the effects of processing conditions on the morphology of methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite solar cells. Though difficult to decouple from synthetic and film formation effects, a single morphological feature, specifically grain size, has been evidently linked to the photovoltaic performance of this class of solar cells. Herein, we discuss experimental aspects of optimizing the (a) temperature and time of annealing, (b) spin-coating parameters, and (c) solution temperature of methylammonium iodide (MAI) solution.