Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 4287186, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4287186
Research Article

Effects of Aluminum on Hydrogen Solubility and Diffusion in Deformed Fe-Mn Alloys

1Institute for Energy and Climate Research, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany
2Computational Materials Design Department, Max-Planck Institut für Eisenforschung, 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany

Received 15 May 2016; Accepted 7 August 2016

Academic Editor: Pavel Lejcek

Copyright © 2016 C. Hüter et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Koyama, H. Springer, S. V. Merzlikin, K. Tsuzaki, E. Akiyama, and D. Raabe, “Hydrogen embrittlement associated with strain localization in a precipitation-hardened Fe–Mn–Al–C light weight austenitic steel,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 4634–4646, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Scott, S. Allain, M. Faral, and N. Guelton, “The development of a new Fe-Mn-C austenitic steel for automotive applications,” Revue de Metallurgie, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 293–302, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. De Cooman, J. Kim, and K.-G. Chin, High Mn TWIP Steels for Automotive Applications, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2011.
  4. D. Barbier, N. Gey, S. Allain, N. Bozzolo, and M. Humbert, “Analysis of the tensile behavior of a TWIP steel based on the texture and microstructure evolutions,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 500, no. 1-2, pp. 196–206, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Koyama, T. Sawaguchi, and K. Tsuzaki, “TWIP effect and plastic instability condition in an Fe-Mn-C austenitic steel,” ISIJ International, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 323–329, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. Gutierrez-Urrutia and D. Raabe, “Dislocation and twin substructure evolution during strain hardening of an Fe-22 wt.% Mn-0.6 wt.% C TWIP steel observed by electron channeling contrast imaging,” Acta Materialia, vol. 59, no. 16, pp. 6449–6462, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. R. Steinmetz, T. Jäpel, B. Wietbrock et al., “Revealing the strain-hardening behavior of twinning-induced plasticity steels: theory, simulations, experiments,” Acta Materialia, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 494–510, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Koyama, T. Sawaguchi, T. Lee, C. S. Lee, and K. Tsuzaki, “Work hardening associated with ε-martensitic transformation, deformation twinning and dynamic strain aging in Fe–17Mn–0.6C and Fe–17Mn–0.8C TWIP steels,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 528, no. 24, pp. 7310–7316, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Allain, J.-P. Chateau, and O. Bouaziz, “A physical model of the twinning-induced plasticity effect in a high manganese austenitic steel,” Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 387–389, no. 1-2, pp. 143–147, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Frommeyer, U. Brüx, and P. Neumann, “Supra-ductile and high-strength manganese-TRIP/TWIP steels for high energy absorption purposes,” ISIJ International, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 438–446, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Grajcar, S. Kołodziej, and W. Krukiewicz, “Corrosion resistance of high-manganese austenitic steels,” Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 77–84, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Frohmberg, W. Barnett, and A. Troiano, “Delayed failure and hydrogen embrittlement in steel,” Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC Document) 54-320, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. P. Perng and C. J. Altstetter, “Comparison of hydrogen gas embrittlement of austenitic and ferritic stainless steels,” Metallurgical Transactions A, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 123–134, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I.-J. Park, K.-H. Jeong, J.-G. Jung, C. S. Lee, and Y.-K. Lee, “The mechanism of enhanced resistance to the hydrogen delayed fracture in Al-added Fe–18Mn–0.6C twinning-induced plasticity steels,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 9925–9932, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Koyama, E. Akiyama, and K. Tsuzaki, “Effects of static and dynamic strain aging on hydrogen embrittlement in TWIP steels containing al,” ISIJ International, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 1268–1274, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Koyama, E. Akiyama, T. Sawaguchi, D. Raabe, and K. Tsuzaki, “Hydrogen-induced cracking at grain and twin boundaries in an Fe–Mn–C austenitic steel,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 459–462, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Koyama, E. Akiyama, K. Tsuzaki, and D. Raabe, “Hydrogen-assisted failure in a twinning-induced plasticity steel studied under in situ hydrogen charging by electron channeling contrast imaging,” Acta Materialia, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 4607–4618, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Koyama, E. Akiyama, and K. Tsuzaki, “Hydrogen embrittlement in a Fe-Mn-C ternary twinning-induced plasticity steel,” Corrosion Science, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Grajcar, “Corrosion resistance of high-Mn austenitic steels for the automotive industry,” Corrosion Resistance, pp. 353–376, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Grajcar, R. Kuziak, and W. Zalecki, “Third generation of AHSS with increased fraction of retained austenite for the automotive industry,” Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 334–341, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Hata, T. Murakami, A. Ibano, F. Yuse, and J. Kinugasa, “Cold-rolled steel sheet,” US Patent 8,876,986, 2014.
  22. T. Michler and J. Naumann, “Hydrogen environment embrittlement of austenitic stainless steels at low temperatures,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 2111–2122, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Louthan Jr., R. McNitt, and R. Sisson Jr., “Environmental degradation of engineering materials in hydrogen,” Tech. Rep., Laboratory for the Study of Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va, USA, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  24. C. San Marchi, B. P. Somerday, X. Tang, and G. H. Schiroky, “Effects of alloy composition and strain hardening on tensile fracture of hydrogen-precharged type 316 stainless steels,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 889–904, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. G. Gavriljuk, V. N. Shivanyuk, and J. Foct, “Diagnostic experimental results on the hydrogen embrittlement of austenitic steels,” Acta Materialia, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 1293–1305, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Ismer, T. Hickel, and J. Neugebauer, “Ab initio study of the solubility and kinetics of hydrogen in austenitic high Mn steels,” Physical Review B, vol. 81, no. 9, Article ID 094111, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. von Appen, R. Dronskowski, A. Chakrabarty, T. Hickel, R. Spatschek, and J. Neugebauer, “Impact of Mn on the solution enthalpy of hydrogen in austenitic Fe-Mn alloys: a first-principles study,” Journal of Computational Chemistry, vol. 35, no. 31, pp. 2239–2244, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Kresse and J. Furthmüller, “Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set,” Physical Review B, vol. 54, no. 16, pp. 11169–11186, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. E. Blöchl, “Projector augmented-wave method,” Physical Review B, vol. 50, no. 24, pp. 17953–17979, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, “Generalized gradient approximation made simple,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 77, no. 18, pp. 3865–3868, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. J. Monkhorst and J. D. Pack, “Special points for Brillouin-zone integrations,” Physical Review B, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 5188–5192, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  32. M. Methfessel and A. T. Paxton, “High-precision sampling for Brillouin-zone integration in metals,” Physical Review B, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 3616–3621, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Sieverts, “Absorption of gases by metals,” Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, vol. 21, pp. 37–46, 1929. View at Google Scholar
  34. E. Sjöstedt and L. Nordström, “Noncollinear full-potential studies of γ-Fe,” Physical Review B, vol. 66, no. 1, Article ID 014447, 10 pages, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. J. Song, H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia, and D.-W. Suh, “Interaction of aluminium with hydrogen in twinning-induced plasticity steel,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 87, pp. 9–12, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. F. Körmann, T. Hickel, and J. Neugebauer, “Inuence of magnetic excitations on the phase stability of metals and steels,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 77–84, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  37. Y. Fukai, The Metal-Hydrogen System, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2nd edition, 2005.
  38. R. A. Oriani, “The diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in steel,” Acta Metallurgica, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 147–157, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. Henkelman, B. P. Uberuaga, and H. Jónsson, “Climbing image nudged elastic band method for finding saddle points and minimum energy paths,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 113, no. 22, pp. 9901–9904, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. G. Henkelman and H. Jónsson, “Improved tangent estimate in the nudged elastic band method for finding minimum energy paths and saddle points,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 113, no. 22, pp. 9978–9985, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. D. Sheppard, P. Xiao, W. Chemelewski, D. D. Johnson, and G. Henkelman, “A generalized solid-state nudged elastic band method,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 136, no. 7, Article ID 074103, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus