Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 6290420, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6290420
Research Article

Synthesis of Pure Micro- and Nanopyrite and Their Application for As (III) Removal from Aqueous Solution

School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China

Received 10 August 2016; Accepted 2 November 2016

Academic Editor: Peter Majewski

Copyright © 2016 Guobao Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Arsenic is one of the materials that has a worldwide concern because of its high toxicity and chronic effects on human health. The existence of arsenic as As (III) is about 56 times poisonous as As (V) and more difficult to process. The investigation takes the pyrite as an adsorbent to remove As (III) from waste water. Different morphology and granularity of pyrite were synthesized by hydrothermal and liquid-phase precipitation methods, respectively. The findings show that the addition of pyrite nanoparticles to the solution provided highest As (III) removal efficiency of 88.53%. 1 gL−1 pyrite nanoparticles can reduce the concentration of arsenite in the waste water from an initial As content of 30 mgL−1 to 3.4 mgL−1 at pH 11. Under the similar operating conditions, the synthetic micropyrite and natural pyrite have a lower As (III) removal; both were less than 70%. In addition, the synthetic pyrite nanowires obtained 86.70% removal efficiency of arsenite. The results confirmed that the morphology and granularity of pyrite can significantly influence the adsorption of arsenite removal from aqueous solution.