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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 6728237, 8 pages
Research Article

Investigation of Mechanical and Wear Properties of LM24/Silicate/Fly Ash Hybrid Composite Using Vortex Technique

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nehru Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641008, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641107, India
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nadar Saraswathi College of Engineering and Technology, Theni 625531, India

Received 29 December 2015; Revised 27 April 2016; Accepted 17 May 2016

Academic Editor: Pavel Lejcek

Copyright © 2016 B. R. Senthil Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This work has investigated to find the influence of silicate on the wear behavior of LM 24/4 wt.% fly ash hybrid composite. The investigation reveals the effectiveness of incorporation of silicate in the composite for gaining wear reduction. Silicate particles with fly ash materials were incorporated into aluminum alloy matrix to accomplish reduction in wear resistance and improve the mechanical properties. The LM24/silicate/fly ash hybrid composite was prepared with 4 wt.% fly ash particles with 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 wt.% of silicate using vortex technique. Tribological properties were evaluated under different load (15, 30, 45, 60, and 75 N); sliding velocity (0.75, 1.5, 2.25, and 3 m/sec) condition using pin on disc apparatus and mechanical properties like density, hardness, impact strength, and tensile strength of composites were investigated. In addition, the machining of the aluminum hybrid composite was studied using Taguchi L9 orthogonal array with analysis of variance. The properties of the hybrid composites containing 24 wt.% silicates exhibit the superior wear resistance and mechanical properties.