Advances in Materials Science and Engineering / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Solidification/Stabilization of Fly Ash from a Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Facility Using Portland Cement

Table 1

Heavy metals in fly ash from various districts and countries.

Heavy metal content (mg/kg)References
CrPbCuZnCdNiHg

Standard
 EU100100100300150[20]
 CCME6470632001.450[21]
 GB150280502000.3700.25[22]

China
 Wuhan2821276899418736[23]
 Shanghai180271099045309070[24]
 Shenzhen566.21356.43080.837383.577.81583.9[25]

Spain79039815615900≤690<60[2]
Poland152.9185.7240.04660.087.578.6[26]
Japan23537501800210002254.5[27]
Portugal185246258683.461[28]
Italy1099641738545[29]
Denmark99.02710749.12240097.6[30]
Austria50045008901900035094[31]
India12035100150[32]
Belgium10029005009400300100<100[33]

Note: EU = European Union Standards (2009); CCME = Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines (1999); GB = Environmental Quality Standards for Soils of China (2009).