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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 7179403, 7 pages
Research Article

Fundamental Properties of Magnesium Phosphate Cement Mortar for Rapid Repair of Concrete

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan 15588, Republic of Korea

Received 17 June 2016; Revised 23 August 2016; Accepted 30 August 2016

Academic Editor: Robert Cerný

Copyright © 2016 Joon Woo Park et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Fundamental properties of magnesium phosphate cement (MPC) were investigated in this paper. The setting time and compressive and bond (i.e., flexural and tensile bond) strengths were measured to assess the applicability, and hydration product was detected by the X-ray diffraction. The specimens were manufactured with magnesia and potassium dihydrogen phosphate (K2HPO4) was added to activate hydration process. The Borax (Na2B4O7·10H2O) was used as a retarder to mitigate overwhelming rapid hardening. Mercury intrusion porosimetry was used to examine the pore structure of MPC mortar, and simultaneously rapid chloride penetration test was performed. As a result, the compressive strength of MPC mortar was mostly achieved within 12 hours; in particular, the MPC mortar at 4.0 of M/P ranked the highest value accounting for 30.0 MPa. When it comes to tensile and flexural bond to old substrate in mortar patching, the MPS had the higher tensile and flexural strengths, accounting for 1.9 and 1.7 MPa, respectively, compared to OPC mortar patching. Unlike Portland cement mortar, the MPC mortar contained mainly air void rather than capillary pores in the pore distribution. Presumably due to reduced capillary pore in the MPC, the MPC indicated lower penetrability in the chloride penetration test.