Article of the Year 2020
Phase Change Material (PCM) Microcapsules for Thermal Energy StorageRead the full article
Advances in Polymer Technology publishes articles reporting important developments in polymeric materials, their manufacture and processing, polymer product design and considering the economic and environmental impacts of polymer technology.
Chief Editor Dr. Ning Zhu is a Professor at Nanjing Tech University, China. His current research focuses on the design, synthesis, and application of bio-based materials and functional polymers based on microflow technology and catalysis.
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Mechanical Properties of Arecanut and GFR Hybrid Polypropylene Composites
The mechanical characteristics of hybrid polypropylene composites may be enhanced by adjusting the fibre loading and ratio, according to this study. The hot press technique was utilised to generate a variety of composites with four different amounts of fibre loading. In addition, the fibre ratio in composites with a 20-weight-percent fibre loading was changed. The composites were characterised using Fourier transform infrared analysis as well as tensile, flexural, and hardness tests. In the composites that have been created, Fourier transform infrared examination showed that hemicelluloses, lignins, and moisture were present, all of which have the potential to reduce tensile strength. Fibre loading resulted in a decrease in tensile strength but an increase in Young’s modulus. With increasing fibre loading, flexural modulus and hardness rose, whereas flexural strength declined. The best mechanical qualities were found in a composite made primarily of arecanut and glass fibres, with a weight ratio of 1 : 3.
Fiber Orientation Analysis of Overflow Water-Assisted Injection Molding with Short Glass Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene
The fiber orientation is playing an important performance indexed for glass fiber reinforced polypropylene for water-assisted injection molding. Based on the viscoelastic constitutive equation (White-Metzner) and the fiber orientation model (iARD-RPR), the effects of fiber mass content, water injection delay time, water injection pressure, and melt temperature, which are on the fiber orientation along the flow direction and shear rate distribution of the melt, were investigated. Studies found that the orientation degree of the fiber along the flow direction was reduced with the increase of the fiber mass content, the extension of the water injection delay time, and the improvement of the melt temperature and that the orientation degree of the fiber along the flow direction was raised with the increase of the water injection pressure flow in the laminar flow state, but it was reduced with the increase in the turbulent state. It can be further learned from the shear rate distribution that decreasing fiber mass content, reducing the water injection delay time, lower melt temperature, and increasing water injection pressure in laminar flow conditions will increase the shear rate in the channel layer and the shear rate gradient along the thickness direction of the melt, while the water injection pressure in the turbulent state is on the contrary.
Preparation and Characteristic of Polyurethane Powder Adhesives with Heating Resistance Modified by Nanosilica
Polyurethane powder adhesives (PPAs) have a great application prospect in various areas. However, the weakly adhesion property at high temperature greatly hindered its application. In this study, nanosilica as reinforcing agent and dispersing agent has been introduced during the preparation of PPAs. A series of the polyurethane powder adhesives modified by nanosilica were prepared and the influence of adding order of nanosilica on the heat resistance and adhesive strength properties of PPAs has been investigated. The results showed that the T-peel strength of most samples after second heat (heated at 70°C for 24 hours) decreased about 60-80% comparing with the original T-peel strength. However, PPSY only decreased 17.5%, which indicated the nanosilica added after the chain extension reaction, in the prepolymer synthesis could increase the heat resistance performance of polyurethane powder adhesives. It also means the nanosilica was doped between the PU chains keeping the original form as enhancement reagent adding the nanosilica after the chain extension reaction. The excellent heat resistance performance of PPSY could meet the requirements of the industrial gluing in the fields of footwear.
Polymer Processing under Microwaves
Over the last decades, microwave heating has experienced a great development and reached various domains of application, especially in material processing. In the field of polymers, this unusual source of energy showed important advantages arising from the direct microwave/matter interaction. Indeed, microwave heating allows regio-, chemio-, and stereo-selectivity, faster chemical reactions, and higher yields even in solvent-free processes. Thus, this heating mode provides a good alternative to the conventional heating by reducing time and energy consumption, hence reducing the costs and ecological impact of polymer chemistry and processing. This review states some achievements in the use of microwaves as energy source during the synthesis and transformation of polymers. Both in-solution and free-solvent processes are described at different scales, with comparison between microwave and conventional heating.
Production and Characterization of Maximum Liquid Oil Products through Individual and Copyrolysis of Pressed Neem Oil Cake and Waste Thermocol Mixture
In this study, individual and copyrolysis experiments were performed with pressed neem oil cake (NOC) and waste thermocol (WT) to produce high grade liquid oil. The effects of reactor temperature, heating rate, feed ratio, and reaction time on product yields were investigated to identify the optimum parameters for maximum oil yield. The maximum oil yield of 49.3 wt%, 73.4 wt% and 88.5 wt% was obtained from NOC pyrolysis, copyrolysis, and WT pyrolysis under optimized conditions. During copyrolysis, the maximum oil product was obtained under NOC/WT ratio of 1 : 2 and at the temperature of 550°C. The liquid oils obtained from thermal and copyrolysis were subjected to detailed physicochemical analysis. When compared to biomass pyrolysis, the copyrolysis of WT and NOC had a substantial improvement in oil properties. The copyrolysis oil shows higher heating value of 40.3 MJ/kg with reduced water content. In addition to that, the copyrolysis oil obtained under optimized conditions is analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis to determine the chemical characterization. The analysis showed the presence of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in the oil.
Mechanical Properties of Ramie/Hemp Hybrid Composites Influenced by Stacking Arrangement and NaOH Treatment
This research is aimed at seeing how different stacking sequences and chemical treatments impact the mechanical characteristics of ramie–hemp composites. Hand-lay-up procedures were used to create a blend of woven ramie and hemp fibers. The woven ramie was treated with a diluted 6% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution to compare the mechanical properties of preserved and unpreserved ramie hybrid composites. According to the findings, the tensile properties of hybrid composites are better in three-layer composites than in four-layer composites. Hemp-based hybrid composites outperform other hybrid composites in terms of mechanical properties. Hybrid composites that have been treated have better tensile and flexural properties than hybrid composites that have not been treated. The sample H/R/H/R was found to have the best impact characteristics. This research is part of a more extensive investigation of hybrid composite’s application in high-velocity impact applications.