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Education Research International
Volume 2012, Article ID 351879, 10 pages
Research Article

Finnish Teachers’ Ethical Sensitivity

1Department of Teacher Education, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 9, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2Faculty of Theology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 33, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

Received 23 February 2012; Revised 12 June 2012; Accepted 14 June 2012

Academic Editor: Elizabeth Campbell

Copyright © 2012 Elina Kuusisto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study examined the ethical sensitivity of Finnish teachers ( 𝑁 = 8 6 4 ) using a 28-item Ethical Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (ESSQ). The psychometric qualities of this instrument were analyzed, as were the differences in self-reported ethical sensitivity between practicing and student teachers and teachers of different subjects. The results showed that the psychometric qualities of the ESSQ were satisfactory and enabled the use of an explorative factor analysis. All Finnish teachers rated their level of ethical sensitivity as high, which indicates that they had internalized the ethical professionalism of teaching. However, practicing teachers’ assessments were higher than student teachers’. Moreover, science as a subject was associated with lower self-ratings of ethical sensitivity.