Table 6: How dissertations differ from journal articles.

FeatureDifference

Abstract lengthA typical dissertation will have an abstract of 120 to 350 words whereas an abstract for a journal will usually be in the range 150 to 250 words.

IntroductionThe introduction in a dissertation is similar to that in a journal article.

Literature reviewA literature review in a journal article will be much shorter than a dissertation and will be far more focused.

Research methodologyThe research methodology in a journal article will describe the methods used and will not include extensive discussion of the research approach and philosophy found in a dissertation.

Research findings and analysisThe research findings and analysis in a journal article will provide the main findings and analysis of the research and will not report all the results as commonly found in a dissertation.

DiscussionThe discussion section in a dissertation will be longer than in a journal manuscript submission.

ReferencesOnly references cited in the text will be included in the journal article reference list.

AppendicesSpace and content requirements will limit the use of appendices in journal articles.

Sources: Cone and Foster [2] and Calfee and Valencia [8].