Education Research International / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Moral Development and Citizenship Education in Vocational Schools

Table 1

Differences in objectives and reported learning outcomes.

SchoolsTeachers ( )Students ( )
DesiredLearning outcomesDesiredLearning outcomes
SDsig SDsig SDsig SDsig

Pedagogical objectives

Disciplining14.32.39 ##3.50.633.90.72 #3.74.78
24.21.513.54.874.07.783.64.78
34.39.563.86.784.00.833.71.84
Total4.30.46 ##3.58.754.00.83 #3.70.79

Social development14.44.30 ##3.49.59 ##3.76.79 * #3.14.82 #
24.44.49 ##3.65.854.07.74 ** #3.35.85
34.60.28 ##3.74.934.04.68 #3.41.87
Total4.47.37 ##3.59.75 ##3.92.76 #3.26.84 #

Autonomy14.07.433.13.65 #3.85.79 *3.51.91 ##
24.33.563.41.744.14.74 **3.37.84
34.44.573.52.994.05.693.71.81
Total4.23.52 ##3.30.783.99.76 #3.50.87

Sociopolitical domain

Social involvement13.54.632.82.68 *3.30.86 *2.80.86 *
23.91.603.11.783.76.82 **3.18.71 **
33.73.583.43.85 ** ##3.31.99 *2.74.99 * #
Total3.70.623.04.773.46.902.93.85

Political engagement13.11.56 *2.29.54 #3.22.84 *2.84.80 ##
23.65.75 **2.64.833.74.84 **2.98.90
33.63.80 **2.68.993.63.95 **3.08.99
Total3.39.722.48.79 #3.48.892.94.87 ##

Moral development

Exchange of points of view12.99.55 *3.17.72 *
22.69.69 * #3.45.70 ##
33.63.74 **3.65.78 **
Total3.11.68 #3.36.75 ##

Social-moral insight12.99.51 * 3.14.81 *
23.04.76 * #3.42.68 ##
33.58.82 **3.62.80 **
Total3.13.703.33.78

Social-moral attitude13.02.513.31.77 *
23.00.75 #3.48.73 * ##
33.42.853.89.80 **
Total3.09.70 #3.48.78 ##

Differences between the schools, marked with * and **, are statistically significant ( ) (plotted vertically).
Differences between teachers and students, marked with # and ##, are statistically significant ( ) (plotted horizontally).

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