Education Research International / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Moral Development and Citizenship Education in Vocational Schools

Table 2

Differences in practical application.

Teachers ( )Students ( )
SchoolsDesiredPracticeDesiredPractice
SDsig SDsig SDsig SDsig

Ped-didactics

Value communication13.83.62 ##3.21.523.34.76 * #3.05.77
23.91.693.49.843.82.74 **3.19.72
34.11.633.69.843.85.85 **3.24.88
Total3.91.64 ##3.40.72 ##3.60.80 #3.13.76 #

Social conduct14.18.57 ##3.70.543.54.79 * 3.24.83
24.25.573.86.713.96.70 **3.41.84
34.41.53 ##4.06.743.90.95 ** #3.43.99
Total4.24.56 ##3.82.64 ##3.75.81 #3.34.86 #

Value transfer14.36.55 ##3.99.383.66.79 * #3.64.76
24.19.753.99.723.91.753.68.69
34.34.504.13.784.02.83 **3.79.80
Total4.30.61 ##4.02.59 ##3.81.79 #3.68.74 #

Dialogues

Discussion13.96.83 ##3.60.93 ##3.44.86 * #3.08.95 * #
24.09.623.52.743.80.77 **3.34.83
34.43.46 ##4.01.44 ##3.86.77 ** #3.46.86 ** #
Total4.09.72 ##3.65.80 ##3.64.83 #3.24.91 #

Sociopolitical opinion forming13.57.913.23.94 *3.38.87 *2.94.94 *
23.83.723.50.633.76.84 **3.17.80
34.08.723.97.82 **3.75.88 **3.43.96 **
Total3.76.833.47.86 ##3.58.893.11.91 #

Diversity

Cultural and ideological diversity13.25.94 ##2.65.86 *2.76.99 * #2.42.89 *
23.82.843.41.98 **3.89.77 **3.21.81 **
33.84.993.69.99 ** ##3.46.96 **2.95.98 ** #
Total3.55.953.10.99 ##3.30.992.81.94 #

Differences between the schools, marked with * and **, are statistically significant ( ) (plotted vertically).
Differences between teachers and students in a school, marked with # and ##, are statistically significant ( ) (plotted horizontally).

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