Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Education Research International
Volume 2015, Article ID 202753, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/202753
Research Article

International Student’s Challenge and Adjustment to College

1Texas A&M University-San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78224, USA
2Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA

Received 14 September 2014; Revised 30 December 2014; Accepted 15 January 2015

Academic Editor: David Neumann

Copyright © 2015 Hsiao-ping Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. G. Altbach and J. Knight, “The internationalization of higher education: motivations and realities,” Journal of Studies in International Education, vol. 11, no. 3-4, pp. 290–305, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Institute of International Education, “Top 25 places of origin of international students,” Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange 2009/10-2010/11, 2011, http://www.iie.org/opendoors. View at Google Scholar
  3. Open Doors Fast Facts, “Open door report,” 2012, http://www.iie.org/Services/Project-Atlas/United-States/International-Students-In-US.
  4. Open Doors Fast Facts, Open Doors 2013: International students in the United States and study abroad by American students are at all-time high, 2013, http://www.iie.org/Who-We-Are/News-and-Events/Press-Center/Press-releases/2013/2013-11-11-Open-Doors-Data.
  5. D. Celleja, “The world at your door,” Canadian Business, vol. 73, no. 20, pp. 108–111, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. R. Hammer, M. J. Bennett, and R. Wiseman, “The intercultural development inventory: a measure of intercultural sensitivity,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, vol. 27, pp. 421–443, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. W. F. Hull, Foreign Students in the United States of America: Coping Behavior within the Education Environment, Praeger, New York, NY, USA, 1978.
  8. O. Ozturgut and C. Murphy, “Literature vs. practice: challenges for international students in the U.S.,” International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 374–385, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  9. M. G. Constantine, M. Kindaichi, S. Okazaki, K. A. Gainor, and A. L. Baden, “A qualitative investigation of the cultural adjustment experiences of Asian international college women,” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 162–175, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Yoon and T. A. A. Portman, “Critical issues of literature on counseling international students,” Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 33–44, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. W. Berry, U. Kim, T. Minde, and D. Mok, “Comparative Studies of acculturative stress (Canada),” International Migration Review, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 491–511, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. W. Berry, “Acculturative stress,” in Handbook of Multicultural Perspective on Stress and Coping, P. T. P. Wong and L. C. J. Wong, Eds., pp. 287–298, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  13. J. W. Berry, Understanding the Process of Acculturation for Primary Prevention, Mental Health Technical Assistance Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn, USA, 1988.
  14. C. Ward and A. Kennedy, “Where's the culture in cross-cultural transition? Comparative studies of sojourner adjustment,” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 221–249, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  15. C. Ward, C.-H. Leong, and M. Low, “Personality and sojourner adjustment: An exploration of the big give and cultural fit proposition,” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 137–151, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Sam, P. Vedder, and C. Ward, “Psychological and sociocultural adjustment,” in Immigrant Youth in Cultural Transition: Acculturation, Identity, and Adjustment Across National Contexts, J. W. Berry, J. Phinney, and D. Sam, Eds., pp. 117–142, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  17. G. Bradley, “Responding effectively to the mental health needs of international students,” Higher Education, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 417–433, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. A. Erichsen and D. U. Bolliger, “Towards understanding international graduate student isolation in traditional and online environments,” Educational Technology Research and Development, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 309–326, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. J. Lee and C. Rice, “Welcome to America? International student perceptions of discrimination,” Higher Education, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 381–409, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. G. Msengi, “Sources of stress and its impact on health behaviors and academic performance of international student sat a comprehensive Midwestern University,” International Journal of Global Health & Health Disparities, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 55–69, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  21. X. Zheng, “Re-interpreting silence: Chinese international students' verbal participation in U.S. universities,” The International Journal of Learning, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 451–464, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Russell, D. Rosenthal, and G. Thomson, “The international student experience: three styles of adaptation,” Higher Education, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 235–249, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. K. Yi, J. G. Lin, and Y. Kishimoto, “Utilization of counseling services by international students,” Journal of Instructional Psychology, vol. 30, pp. 333–346, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  24. F. J. Galloway and J. R. Jenkins, “The adjustment problems faced by international students in the United States: a comparison of international students and administrative perceptions at two private, religiously affiliated universities,” NASPA Journal, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 175–187, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Probertson, M. Line, S. Jones, and S. Thomas, “International students, learning environments and perceptions: a case study using the Delphi technique,” Higher Education Research and Development, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 89–102, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  26. L. Liu, “An international graduate student's ESL learning experience beyond the classroom,” TESL Canada Journal, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 77–92, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  27. S. Terui, “Second language learners' coping strategy in conversations with native speakers,” Journal of International Students, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 168–183, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  28. J. Beoku-Betters, “African women pursuing graduate studies in the sciences: racism, gender bias, and the Third World marginality,” NWSA Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 116–135, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  29. G. C. Charles-Toussaint and H. M. Crowson, “Prejudice against international students: the role of threat perceptions and authoritarian dispositions in U.S. students,” The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 413–428, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. T. Hitlan, K. Carillo, M. A. Zárate, and S. N. Aikman, “Attitudes toward immigrant groups and the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks,” Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1–18, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Severiens and R. Wolff, “A comparison of ethnic minority and majority students: social and academic integration, and quality of learning,” Studies in Higher Education, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 253–266, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Wilcox, S. Winn, and M. Fyvie-Gauld, “‘It was nothing to do with the university, it was just the people’: the role of social support in the first-year experience of higher education,” Studies in Higher Education, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 707–722, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. G. Constantine, S. Okazaki, and S. O. Utsey, “Self-concealment, social self-efficacy, acculturative stress, and depression in African, Asian, and Latin American international college students,” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 230–241, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Wei, P. P. Heppner, M. J. Mallen, T.-Y. Ku, K. Y.-H. Liao, and T.-F. Wu, “Acculturative stress, perfectionism, years in the United States, and depression among Chinese international students,” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 385–394, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. S. Sandhu and B. R. Asrabadi, “Development of an acculturative stress scale for international students: preliminary findings,” Psychological Reports, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 435–448, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. J. Yeh and M. Inose, “International students' reported English fluency, social support satisfaction, and social connectedness as predictors of acculturative stress,” Counselling Psychology Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 15–28, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. E. Stake, “Qualitative case study,” in Handbook of Qualitative Research, N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln, Eds., pp. 443–466, Sage, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  38. S. Reinharz, Feminist Methods in Social Research, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1992.
  39. M. Birnbaum, B. Cardona, M. Milian, and M. Gonzalez, “Strangers in a strange land: how non-traditional international adult students see a United States University,” Journal of International Education & Leadership, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1–16, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  40. R. F. Chapdelaine and L. R. Alexitch, “Social skills difficulty: model of culture shock for international graduate students,” Journal of College Student Development, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 167–184, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y. Kwon, “Factors affecting international students’ transition to higher education institutions in the United States: from the perspective of the office of international students,” College Student Journal, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1020–1037, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  42. D. S. Sandhu and R. R. Asrabadi, “An assessment of psychological needs of international students: implications for counseling and psychotherapy,” Tech. Rep. ED 350550, ERIC Document Reproduction Service, 1991. View at Google Scholar