Education Research International / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

A Survey on the Permanence of Finnish Students’ Arithmetical Skills and the Role of Motivation

Table 3

Cluster means for final three-cluster solution ( = 398).

VariableCluster 1
( = 93)
Cluster 2
( = 151)
Cluster 3
( = 154)

Mastery orientation−1.130.70−0.02
Performance-approach orientation−0.850.430.10
Performance-avoidance orientation−0.25−0.370.50
Avoidance orientation0.76−0.730.23
Perceived competence−1.010.88−0.23
Task value−1.190.82−0.05