Table 5: Means and standard deviations for the mathematics performance in the motivation clusters and education level groups ( = 386).

Cluster 1 ()Cluster 2 ()Cluster 3 ()Total
MSDMSDMSD MSD

PK4.283.49PK10.034.34PK6.923.93 7.394.55
MAB10.444.69MAB12.693.45MAB11.823.88 11.544.12
MAA12.404.83MAA14.763.49MAA13.303.53 13.873.67
UNIV9.504.23UNIV13.543.28UNIV11.464.11 11.954.07

Total7.514.99Total12.264.17Total9.864.66 10.244.90