Table 4: Results for motivational beliefs and strategy use for gender .

VariableMaleFemale
MSDMSD

Intrinsic5.421.505.401.33.0690.945
Extrinsic5.721.105.901.17−1.4300.154
Task value5.84.975.721.021.0310.303
Control beliefs5.181.085.301.15−.9730.331
Self-efficacy5.691.0685.72.99−.2980.766
Test anxiety4.101.654.311.44−1.2600.209
Rehearsal3.80.933.90.74−.9980.319
Organization3.79.703.63.871.7800.076
Critical thinking3.72.553.68.67.5910.555
T & S Env. Mgmt3.56.723.45.601.4140.158
Effort regulation3.02.803.40.74−4.4450.001
Peer learning3.79.953.58.862.0640.040
Help seeking3.05.643.16.64−1.4870.138

Note. ; .
T & S Env. Mgmt means time and study environment management.