Education Research International / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Measuring Student Transformation in Entrepreneurship Education Programs

Table 2

Goal-setting framework.


Primary goals central to student transformationLearning outcomes[31]
Lifelong learning skills[3236]
Communication skills[32, 33, 3538]
Teamwork skills[32, 33, 3539]
Social capital skills (persuasion, negotiation, networking)[3638, 40]
Creativity and innovation skills (alertness, opportunity spotting)[3639, 41]
Guerilla skills (bootstrapping, acquisition of resources, planning under uncertainty)[9, 3538, 42, 43]
Motivational skills (psychological capital, empowerment)[36, 44, 45]
Entrepreneurial thinking skills (independent and critical thinking, self-management, adapting) [9, 33, 3638, 46, 47]
Attitudes, beliefs, values, and intent
Entrepreneurial desirability [35, 36, 38, 48, 49]
Self-efficacy [36, 38, 39, 47, 4951]
Internal locus of control [36, 38, 39, 47, 49]
Entrepreneurial intent [36, 38, 39, 47, 49, 5355]

Input goals that support student transformationClarity of mission statement[28, 38, 39]
Faculty qualifications and behaviours
Percent with Ph.D. degrees (academically qualified)[27, 28]
Percent with entrepreneurial experience[56, 57]
Intellectual contributions (or number of publications)[27, 28]
SERVQUAL or SERVPERF (assurance, reliability, empathy, responsiveness)[58, 59]
Resources to support students
Student entrepreneurship clubs[57]
Business plan competition amount[57]
Incoming student population
Entry requirements[27, 28, 33, 57]
Number of scholarships[57]

Output goals related to growth or external impactNumber of students
Number of courses[57]
Awards won[57]
Community impact[13]

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