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International Journal of Food Science
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 283614, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/283614
Research Article

Fatty Acid Composition and Lipid Profile of Diospyros mespiliformis, Albizia lebbeck, and Caesalpinia pulcherrima Seed Oils from Nigeria

1Department of Chemical Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Mowe, Nigeria
2Centre for Lipid Research, India Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad 500 007, India
3Industrial Unit, Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 17 June 2014; Accepted 6 October 2014; Published 16 October 2014

Academic Editor: Haile Yancy

Copyright © 2014 Adewale Adewuyi and Rotimi Ayodele Oderinde. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The screening of lesser-known underutilized seeds as source of food has been a way of finding solution to food insecurity in developing nations. In this regard, oil as a class of food was extracted from the seeds of Diospyros mespiliformis  %), Albizia lebbeck  %), and Caesalpinia pulcherrima  %). The oils were finally analyzed for their fatty acid composition, lipid classes, fatty acid distribution in the lipid fractions, and molecular speciation of the triacylglycerols, glycolipids, and phospholipids. The fatty acid composition of the oils varied with C18:2 fatty acid being the most dominant in the oils. Neutral lipids were the most abundant lipid class found in the oils while molecular species of the triacylglycerol with equivalent carbon chain number C40 was majorly present in the oils of Diospyros mespiliformis and Caesalpinia pulcherrima. The present study presents lesser-known underutilized seeds as possible sources of food.