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International Journal of Food Science
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 483519, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/483519
Review Article

Food Safety Challenges towards Safe, Healthy, and Nutritious Street Foods in Bangladesh

1Center for Advanced Research in Sciences, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh

Received 6 January 2014; Accepted 25 February 2014; Published 8 April 2014

Academic Editor: Fabienne Remize

Copyright © 2014 Md. Khairuzzaman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The street foods play an important socioeconomic role in meeting food and nutritional requirements of city consumers at affordable prices to the lower and middle income people. The number of food poisoning notifications rose steadily worldwide since the inception of E. coli O157:H7 outbreak in the 1980s to date. This may be partly attributed to improved surveillance, increased global trade and travel, changes in modern food production, the impact of modern lifestyles, changes in food consumption, and the emergence of new pathogens. Consumer’s knowledge and attitude may influence food safety behavior and practice. For the sake of public health, it is important to understand the epidemiology of foodborne illnesses that help in prevention and control efforts, appropriately allocating resources to control foodborne illness, monitoring and evaluation of food safety measures, development of new food safety standards, and assessment of the cost-effectiveness of interventions. This review paper described the sociodemographic characteristics, common hazards, and occupational hazards of street food vendors, microbial risk associated with street food, food safety interventions and control measures, regulatory aspects and legal requirements, financial constraints, and attitudes.