- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Food Quality
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1076876, 7 pages
Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Tea Infusions Samples by High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorimetric Detection
1Department of Chemistry, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A.Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
2Department of Management, Laboratory of Commodity Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161 Rome, Italy
Correspondence should be addressed to Anna Maria Girelli
Received 13 July 2016; Accepted 19 October 2016; Published 11 January 2017
Academic Editor: Elena González-Fandos
Copyright © 2017 Anna Maria Girelli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Y.-C. Yang, F.-H. Lu, J.-S. Wu, C.-H. Wu, and C.-J. Chang, “The protective effect of habitual tea consumption on hypertension,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 164, no. 14, pp. 1534–1540, 2004.
- S. K. Katiyar and K. Mukhtar, “Tea in chemoprevention of cancer: epidemiologic and experimental studies,” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 221–238, 1996.
- P. M. Kris-Etherton, K. D. Hecker, A. Bonanome et al., “Bioactive compounds in foods: their role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 113, no. 9, supplement 2, pp. 71–88, 2002.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans, Overall Evaluation of Carcinogenity: An Updating of IARC Monographs, vol. 1–42, supplement 7, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France, 1987.
- Council of the European Union, “Commission Regulation (EU) No 835/2011 (19 August 2011) Amending Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 as regards maximum levels for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in foodstuffs,” Official Journal of the European Union, vol. L 215/4, 2011.
- K. Ziegenhals, W. Jira, and K. Speer, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in various types of tea,” European Food Research and Technology, vol. 228, no. 1, pp. 83–91, 2008.
- D. Lin and L. Zhu, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: pollution and source analysis of a black tea,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 26, pp. 8268–8271, 2004.
- US and EPA, Polycyclic Organic Matter, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA, 2002, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/polycycl.html.
- H. Fiedler, C. K. Cheung, and M. H. Wong, “PCDD/PCDF, chlorinated pesticides and PAH in Chinese teas,” Chemosphere, vol. 46, no. 9-10, pp. 1429–1433, 2002.
- M. Khiadani, M. Mehdi Amin, F. Momen Beik, A. Ebrahimi, M. Farhadkhani, and F. Mohammadi-Moghadam, “Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentration in eight brands of black tea which are used more in Iran,” International Journal of Environmental Health Engineering, vol. 2, article 40, 2013.
- D. Lin, Y. Tu, and L. Zhu, “Concentrations and health risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tea,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 41–48, 2005.
- G. V. A. Londoño, C. M. Reynoso, and S. L. Resnik, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) survey on tea (Camellia sinensis) commercialized in Argentina,” Food Control, vol. 50, pp. 31–37, 2015.
- A. Afolabi, J. Angelica, W. Cara, C. Kevin, N. Thao, and A. S. Mahmoud, “Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in dry tea,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, vol. 50, pp. 552–559, 2015.
- L. Drabova, J. Pulkrabova, K. Kalachova, M. Tomaniova, V. Kocourek, and J. Hajslova, “Rapid determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in tea using two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry,” Talanta, vol. 100, pp. 207–216, 2012.
- M. N. Kayali-Sayadi, “Rapid determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tea infusion samples by high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorimetric detection based on solid-phase extraction,” Analyst, vol. 123, no. 10, pp. 2145–2148, 1998.
- N. R. Bishnoi, U. Mehta, U. Sain, and G. G. Pandit, “Quantification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tea and coffee samples of Mumbai City (India) by high performance liquid chromatography,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 107, no. 1–3, pp. 399–406, 2005.
- J. Pincemaille, C. Schummer, E. Heinen, and G. Moris, “Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in smoked and non-smoked black teas and tea infusions,” Food Chemistry, vol. 145, pp. 807–813, 2014.
- A. Ciemniak and K. Mocek, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tea and tea infusions,” Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 243–248, 2010.
- N. E. Díaz-Moroles, H. J. Garza-Ulloa, R. Castro-Ríos et al., “Comparison of the performance of two chromatographic and three extraction techniques for the analysis of PAHs in sources of drinking water,” Journal of Chromatographic Science, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 57–62, 2007.
- A. Filipkowska, L. Lubecki, and G. Kowalewska, “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon analysis in different matrices of the marine environment,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 547, no. 2, pp. 243–254, 2005.
- A. M. Girelli, D. Sperati, and A. M. Tarola, “Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Italian milk by HPLC with fluorescence detection,” Food Additives and Contaminants Part A, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 703–710, 2014.
- H. R. Falleh, M. Ksouri, E. Lucchessi, C. Abdelly, and C. Magné, “Ultrasound-assisted extraction: effect of extraction time and solvent power on the levels of polyphenols and antioxidant activity of Mesembryanthemum edule L. Aizoaceae shoots,” Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 11, pp. 243–249, 2012.
- J. L. Capelo Martinez, Ultrasound in Chemistry: Analytical Application, Wiley VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, KGA, Weinheim, Germany, 2009.
- The Council of the European Union, “Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption,” Official Journal of the European Communities, vol. 1, no. 330–332, 1998.
- D. Lin, L. Zhu, and L. Luo, “Factors affecting transfer of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from made tea to tea infusion,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 4350–4354, 2006.
- F. Kamangar, M. M. Schantz, C. C. Abnet, R. B. Fagundes, and S. M. Dawsey, “High levels of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mate drinks,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1262–1268, 2008.
- G.-N. Lu, Z. Dang, X.-Q. Tao, C. Yang, and X.-Y. Yi, “Estimation of water solubility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using quantum chemical descriptors and partial least squares,” QSAR and Combinatorial Science, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 618–626, 2008.
- D. Mackay and K. E. Clark, “Predicting the environmental partitioning of organic contaminants and their transfer to biota,” in Organic Contaminants in the Environment: Environmental Pathways & Effects, K. C. Jones, Ed., vol. 19 of Environmental Management Series, pp. 159–188, Elsevier Applied Science Pubblishers, New York, NY, USA, 1991.