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Journal of Food Quality
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8951509, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8951509
Research Article

Goat Production in El Salvador: A Focus on Animal Health, Milking Hygiene, and Raw Milk Quality

1Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OIRSA), Calle Ramón Belloso, Final Pasaje Isolde, Edificio OIRSA, Colonia Escalón, San Salvador, El Salvador
2Institute of Food Hygiene, Center of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universität Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 1, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
3OIRSA Representation in Panama, Área Social de Clayton, Calle Hocker, Casa 1012 A-B, Panama City, Panama

Correspondence should be addressed to Kristina Linderot de Cardona

Received 11 July 2016; Accepted 20 November 2016; Published 16 January 2017

Academic Editor: Elena González-Fandos

Copyright © 2017 Kristina Linderot de Cardona et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Often referred to as “the poor man’s cow,” goats are important livestock in developing countries and in El Salvador goat management and milk are growing in popularity. This study focuses on the general health of Salvadoran goats and national husbandry systems as well as goat products and milking hygiene. The survey was submitted in western and central parts of the country: 191 goat owners were interviewed on animal management and production, 434 goats underwent a basic clinical exam, and raw milk samples were taken from 60 lactating does. Milk samples were examined for total plate count, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes. The majority of goats were managed under a traditional husbandry system naming milk production as their main purpose. Based on the physical exam, the overall goat health was acceptable but in need of improvement. The results of the raw milk samples did not indicate a mayor microbial contamination. Development programs and education of Salvadoran goat owners are recommended to improve goats’ health and productivity in El Salvador. Further studies on the microbial quality on raw goat’s milk are necessary to determine the health risk when consumed. The information obtained in this investigation will serve as a base for future projects.