Journal of Food Quality / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Enhanced Duration of Truffle Sauce Preservation due to Addition of Linoleic Acid

Table 2

Identification and quantification of VOCs.

No.ComponentP1.C (%)P1.1 (%)P1.2 (%)P2.C (%)P2.1 (%)P2.2 (%)P3.C (%)P3.1 (%)P3.2 (%)P4.C (%)P4.1 (%)P4.2 (%)

1Dimethyl sulfide0.25h0.23h0.2gh0.22h0.19fg0.17f0.18fg0.16e0.13d0.12c0.1b0.07a
2n-Octane2.54g1.33cd1.96f0.3a1.24cd2.16fg0.76b1.6de2.61g0.89b1.34cd2.61g
3Acetone5.8c1a1.32ab1.47b
42-Butanone1.16a0.47a1.18a1.9a8.95cd6.47b7.02bc9.96d8.1cd8.2cd6.71b6.51b
52-Methyl-butanal4.43a1.44a5.71a7a23.17cd12.39b24.69cd21.21cd19.58c37.07e26.97d23.5chd
63-Methyl-butanal2.8b0.39a
7Ethanol3.05c3.47cd1.68b0.2a4.61ef0.91ab5.09f4.02de4.25ef5.09f
8n-Pentanal0.78bc0.98cd1.12cd1.2d0.8bc0.65ab1.69e0.3a1.12cd2.39f1.3de0.99bbc
9α-Pinene0.92ef0.82ef0.48ab0.7de0.71de0.38a0.49bc0.74ef0.64cd0.95f0.67cd0.41a
102-Butanol11.03c7.41b6.34b1.8a1.43a1.06a1.03a1.17a1.11a1.82a1.5a1.2a
11Camphene3.83d1.2c0.48ab0.37ab0.52b0.26ab0.55b
12n-Hexanal0.95ab1ab1.3ab0.59ab9.16c0.29a0.24a0.59ab0.34ab0.49ab1.01ab
13Dimethyl disulfide0.05c0.05c0.03b0.05c0.05c0.03b0.03b0.02ab0.01a0.03b0.03b0.01a
14β-Pinene0.23d0.11bc0.08ab0.07a0.14c
15Ethylbenzene1.2a
16m-Xylene1.8a
17o-Xylene0.21a7b
181-Butanol0.32cd0.44d0.8e0.36cd0.24ab0.23a0.23a
19α-Phellandrene0.11a
20β-Myrcene0.44f0.32dee0.35de0.7g0.2b0.27bc0.26ab0.37ef
21Limonene0.88a0.85a1.21b1.8c0.74a0.87a0.67a0.73a0.74a0.68a0.82a0.85a
221,8-Cineole4.35e4.45e2.84bc4.7e3.72cd2.46ab3.6bc3.78cd2.93bc3.02cd4.21de2.35a
23Isopentyl alcohol2.38f2.36f1.28e0.5cd0.27bc0.17bc0.4bc0.69d0.26bc
242-Pentyl-furan0.53a0.51a4.59bc0.5a0.49a14.92d0.43a0.53a2.83b0.53a0.65a5.59c
25γ-Terpinene0.68a0.83a0.59a0.7a0.6a1.68b0.73a0.82a0.72a0.64a0.73a0.67a
26(E)-β-Ocimene1.25bc2.31d2.86de1bc0.64a2.97f0.7ab0.65a0.87bc0.56a0.71ab1.39c
273-Octanone0.9cd1.08de1.57f1cd0.82cd1.37ef0.73ab0.97cd0.94cd0.63a0.91cd1.14de
281-Pentanol0.54bc0.72d0.72d0.7cd0.38ab0.32a0.43ab0.43ab0.4ab0.3a0.41ab0.45ab
29p-Cymene0.16a0.4b0.5bc0.51bc0.55c0.43bc0.53bc0.48bc0.41bc0.46bc0.53bc
30Hexyl acetate0.08ab0.17c0.06a0.21d0.09bc0.1bc
31Terpinolene0.25a
32n-Octanal0.45c0.55cd0.51cd0.6d0.44cd0.44cd0.44cd0.4cd0.39cd0.35a0.41cd0.45cd
33(3Z)-hexen-1-ol acetate1.6cd1.81d1.15ab1.4cd1.39cd0.92a1.34bc1.44cd1.1ab1.06ab1.34bc0.91a
342-Heptenal1.17d1.14d0.95d0.5bc0.5bc0.52bc0.67bc0.4a0.32a0.47ab0.69bc0.71c
356-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one0.07ba0.28cd0.4e0.16c0.17c0.15bc0.35e
36n-Hexanol3.23b3.58b10.18c1.2a0.9a0.57a1.01a0.43a0.65a0.65a1.03a0.49a
373-Hexen-1-ol1.88g2.14g1.02de1.5f0.23a0.71b1.35ef1.1de0.93cd1.2ef1.33ef0.7bc
38n-Nonanal0.86a0.76a1.5cd1.8d1.3c1.4cd1.55cd1.82d1.66cd1.27bc1.4cd1.44cd
393-Octanol1.15ab1.88c1.32b1.1ab1.09ab1.14ab1ab1.15ab1.03ab0.84a1ab0.99ab
40(Z)-2-Hexen-1-ol0.5a0.71bc1.23e0.9cd0.64ab1.11e0.57ab0.64ab0.75bc0.45a0.5a1.07de
41Acetic acid1.77de1.97e1.34cd1.8de1.58de1.17bc1.23bc1.4cd1.2bc1.07ab1.3bc0.93a
421-Octen-3-ol9.46de7.92cd5.74a10e8.45de6.22bc8.22de6.78bc6.39ab7.35bc7.98de6.24ab
433-Furaldehyde2.17bc2.13ab1.46a4.1f3.14ef3.59ef3.88ef3.4ef3.18ef2.54cd2.88de2.93de
44α-Copaene1.05de1.23e0.9cd1.9g1.22de0.68a1.27ef0.87bc0.69a1.19de1.56f0.76ab
45Camphor3.14a3.17a3.04a5.9d5.28cd4.63cd5.22cd5.57cd4.74cd4.21bc4.79cd3.89ab
461-Octanol1.06e0.94de0.8cd0.48b0.62bc0.45b0.52b0.64bc
47(E,E)-3,5-Octadien-2-one1.39d0.3b0.53c0.65c0.21b0.03a0.22b0.69c
48Bornyl acetate0.48c0.29b0.54c0.19a0.45c0.32b0.53c
492,3-Butanediol0.48e0.13a0.24cd0.3e0.26e0.21cd0.3e0.22cd0.16bc0.17bc0.19bc0.13a
50(E)-Caryophyllene0.76e0.94f0.5cd0.6de0.57cd0.37ab0.59d0.56cd0.41bc0.48cd0.53cd0.34a
512-Undecanone0.15a
52Terpinen-4-ol0.34e0.37e0.3de0.25cd0.2bc0.19bc0.16b0.18bc
532-Octen-1-ol0.42ef0.48f0.5f0.3cd0.34de0.26cd0.24cd0.23bc0.18b0.28cd
54Benzeneacetaldehyde0.24a
552-Furanmethanol4.51ab5.34bc3.66a7.2d5.12bc5.37bc6.43cd5.12bc5.13bc3.67a4.15ab3.88ab
561-Nonanol0.53d0.72e0.47d0.3c0.08a0.2b0.1b80.16ab0.13ab0.13ab0.19b0.18b
57δ-Terpineol0.13b0.28d0.17c0.04a
58α-Terpineol1.141.1de0.73bc1.1de0.8de0.56a0.89de0.73bc0.62ab0.72bc0.85cd0.65bc
59Borneol0.22d0.2cd0.2cd0.2cd0.19cd0.22d0.16bc0.15bc0.12b0.17bc
60Verbenone0.1cd0.13de0.21f0.1cd0.08bc0.15e0.08bc0.08bc0.11cd0.06a0.07ab0.1cd
61α-Farnesene0.13a0.17b0.19b0.13a0.12a0.1a
622(5H)-Furanone0.22c0.11ab0.07a0.12ab0.17bc0.90.06a0.11ab
63δ-Cadinene0.13b0.13b0.08a
641-(2-Butoxyethoxy)-ethanol0.29c0.19b0.13a0.17ab
652,4-Decadienal0.63c0.65c0.21a0.47b0.26a0.26a0.46b0.16a0.21a0.48b
66Hexanoic acid0.12bc0.13cbc0.090.1bc0.12bc0.36d0.08ab0.08ab0.07a0.06a0.08ab0.06a
67Geranyl acetone0.37bc0.44c1.34f0.2ab0.18a1e0.11a0.13a0.38c0.08a0.09a0.64d
68Benzyl alcohol10.16de12.93e7.73cd9cd7.73cd3.83a8.41cd9.17cd7.9cd6.85bc7.5cd5.93ab
69Dimethyl sulfone0.6e0.76f0.36cd0.4d0.25bc0.190.3cd0.23b0.27bc0.21b
70Phenylethyl alcohol0.17c0.19c0.14bc0.1ab0.1ab0.37d0.08a0.07a0.09ab0.06a0.1ab0.08a
71Heptanoic acid1.2c0.82b0.47a0.79b
72p-Creosol0.62d0.7e0.7e0.39bc0.3b0.3b0.25a0.26a0.34bc
73Octanoic acid0.11a0.15b0.11a
74Nonanoic acid0.74bc0.52ab1d0.66bc0.71bc0.55ab0.8cd0.45a
75Thymol0.26d0.16c0.33e0.19c0.11ab0.11ab0.15bc0.1a
76Dodecanoic acid3.04c1.46a2.1b2.27b
77Coumarin0.25a0.5d0.17a0.3bc0.25a0.25a0.36c0.2a0.18a0.34bc

Compounds identified by standards and MS spectra. Compounds without the asterisk were identified by means of mass spectra and retention indices. Values not detected. Values are means of three determinations. Values within a row for each compound having different letters are significantly different from each other using Tukey’s and LSD test ().