Journal of Food Quality / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Light: An Alternative Method for Physical Control of Postharvest Rotting Caused by Fungi of Citrus Fruit

Table 2

Effects of UV-B irradiation on the postharvest rotting caused by P. italicum and P. digitatum.

Citrus speciesFungi speciesTreatment/intensityMechanism of actionReferences

LemonP. digitatumUV-B (22,000 J·m−2·d−1) lamps placed 50 cm above the fruitIncrease in cell wall thickness and concentration of phenolics in the flavedo[67]
LemonP. digitatumUV-B (22,000 J·m−2·d−1) lamps placed 50 cm above the fruitIncrease in ROS and membrane permeability, which results in improved antifungal activity[44]
MandarinP. italicumIn in vitro studies, fruits were placed 15 cm below UV-B lamps at 15, 30, 60, and 120 kJ·m2Inhibit the germination of fungi spores by directly inactivating fungi and inducing an antifungal response in fruits[68]

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