Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 6465218, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6465218
Research Article

Compressive Behavior and Mechanical Characteristics and Their Application to Stress-Strain Relationship of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete

1Research Institute of Industrial Science, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-Dong, Seongdong-Gu, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea
2Department of Fire and Disaster Prevention Engineering, Kyungnam University, Gyeongsangnam-do 51767, Republic of Korea

Received 21 April 2016; Revised 26 May 2016; Accepted 7 June 2016

Academic Editor: Juan J. Del Coz Díaz

Copyright © 2016 Baek-Il Bae et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. ACI Committee 318, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich, USA, 2011.
  2. S. Popovics, “A numerical approach to the complete stress-strain curve of concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 583–599, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Sargin, Stress-Strain Relationship for Concrete and the Analysis of Structural Concrete Sections, Study 4, Solid Mechanics Division, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada, 1971.
  4. A. Tomaszewicz, Betongens Arbeidsdiagram, SINTEF, STF65, A84065, Trondheim, 1984.
  5. D. J. Carreira and K.-H. Chu, “Stress-strain relationship for plain concrete in compression,” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 797–804, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. P. Collins, D. Mitchell, and J. G. MacGregor, “Structural design considerations for high-strength concrete,” Concrete International, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 27–34, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. H. Wee, M. S. Chin, and M. A. Mansur, “Stress-strain relationship of high-strength concrete in compression,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 70–76, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. T. Wang, S. P. Shah, and A. E. Naaman, “Stress-strain curves of normal and lightweight concrete in compression,” ACI Journal Proceedings, vol. 75, pp. 603–611, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  9. Comité Euro-International du Béton-Fédération Internationale de la Précontrainte, “High performance concrete—recommended extensions to the model code 90, research needs,” CEB Bulletin, no. 228, p. 60, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  10. M. M. Attard and S. Setunge, “Stress-strain relationship of confined and unconfined concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 432–442, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. A. Graybeal, “Compressive behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 146–152, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. K. H. Kwan and L. G. Li, “Combined effects of water film thickness and paste film thickness on rheology of mortar,” Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1359–1374, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. de Larrard and T. Sedran, “Optimization of ultra-high-performance concrete by the use of a packing model,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 997–1009, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. G. Li and A. K. H. Kwan, “Packing density of concrete mix under dry and wet conditions,” Powder Technology, vol. 253, pp. 514–521, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. KS F 2405, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete, Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2010.
  16. M. Ros, Material-Technological Foundation and Problems of Reinforced Concrete, Bericht no. 162, Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Versuchsanstalt für Industrie, Bauwesen und Gewerbe, Zurich, Switzerland, 1950.
  17. A. Fafitis and S. P. Shah, “Predictions of ultimate behavior of confined columns subjected to large deformations,” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 423–433, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. De Nicolo, L. Pani, and E. Pozzo, “Strain of concrete at peak compressive stress for a wide range of compressive strengths,” Materials and Structures, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 206–210, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. European Commitee for Standardization (CEN), Design of Concrete Structures—Part 1-1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings, Eurocode 2, Brussels, Belgium, 2004.
  20. P. Soroushian and C. H. Lee, “Constitutive modeling of steel fiber reinforced concrete under direct tension and compression. fibre reinforced cements and concretes : recent developments,” in Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University of Wales, Collige of Cardiff, School of Engineering, United Kingdom, London, UK, September 1989.
  21. M. C. Nataraja, N. Dhang, and A. P. Gupta, “Stress-strain curves for steel-fiber reinforced concrete under compression,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 21, no. 5-6, pp. 383–390, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. P. Dhakal, C. Wang, and J. B. Mander, “Behavior of steel fibre reinforced concrete in compression,” in Proceedings of the Nanjing: International Symposium on Innovation & Sustainability of Structures in Civil Engineering, 2005.
  23. Korea Concrete Institute, Concrete Design Code and Commentary, Kimoondang Publishing Company, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2007.
  24. Korea Concrete Institute, Concrete Design Code and Commentary, Kimoondang Publishing Company, Seoul, Korea, 2012.
  25. S. Martinez, A. H. Nilson, and F. Slate, “Spirally reinforced high-strength concrete columns,” ACI Journal, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 431–442, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. E. Cook, “10,000 PSI concrete,” Concrete International: Design and Construction, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 67–75, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  27. S. H. Ahmad and S. P. Shah, “Complete triaxial stress-strain curves for concrete,” Journal of the Structural Division, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 728–742, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Gao, W. Sun, and K. Morino, “Mechanical properties of steel fiber-reinforced, high-strength, lightweight concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 307–313, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. K. Padmarajaiah, Influence of fibers on the behavior of high strength concrete in fully/partially prestressed beams: an experimental and analytical study [Ph.D. thesis], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, 1999.
  30. H.-K. Choi, B.-I. Bae, and C.-S. Choi, “Mechanical characteristics of ultra high strength concrete with steel fiber under uniaxial compressive stress,” Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 521–530, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. S. V. T. J. Perera, H. Mutsuyoshi, and S. Asamoto, “Properties of high-strength concrete,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Summer Symposium of Japan Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE '10), Funabashi, Japan, 2010.
  32. K. F. Sarsam, I. A. S. Al-Shaarbaf, and M. M. S. Ridha, “Experimental investigation of shear-critical reactive powder concrete beams without web reinforcement,” Engineering & Technology Journal, vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 2999–3022, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  33. D. A. Pandor, Behavior of high strength fiber reinforced concrete beams in shear [M.S. thesis], Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.
  34. J. Thomas and A. Ramaswamy, “Mechanical properties of steel fiber-reinforced concrete,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 385–392, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Kang and G. Ryu, “The effect of steel-fiber contents on the compressive stress-strain relation of Ultra High Performance Cementitious Composites (UHPCC),” Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 67–75, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. P. Bhargava, U. K. Sharma, and S. K. Kaushik, “Compressive stress-strain behavior of small scale steel fibre reinforced high strength concrete cylinders,” Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 109–121, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Y.-C. Ou, M.-S. Tsai, K.-Y. Liu, and K.-C. Chang, “Compressive behavior of steel-fiber-reinforced concrete with a high reinforcing index,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 207–215, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. Samer Ezeldin and P. N. Balaguru, “Normal- and high-strength fiber reinforced concrete under compression,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 415–429, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  39. B.-W. Jo, Y.-H. Shon, and Y.-J. Kim, “The evalution of elastic modulus for steel fiber reinforced concrete,” Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 152–161, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. O. Kazuhiro, S. Shunsuke, A. Hideo et al., An Experimental Study on the Compressive Properties of the Super-High Strength Concrete, vol. 25, Architectural Institute of Japan, China Branch, Research Report Collection, 2002.
  41. A. R. Murthy, N. R. Iyer, and B. K. R. Prasad, “Evaluation of mechanical properties for high strength and ultrahigh strength concretes,” Advances in Concrete Construction, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 341–358, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. N. N. Meleka, A. A. Bashandy, and M. A. Arab, “Ultra high strength concrete using economical materials,” International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 393–402, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  43. D. Moldovan and C. Măgureanu, “Stress-strain diagram for high strength concrete elements in flexure,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference Advanced Composite Materials Engineering (COMAT '10), pp. 137–142, Transilvania University Press of Brasov, Brasov, Romania, 2010.
  44. W. I. Khalil and Y. R. Tayfur, “Flexural strength of fibrous ultra high performance reinforced concrete beams,” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 200–214, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. Narayanan and I. Y. S. Darwish, “Use of steel fibers as shear reinforcement,” ACI Structural Journal, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 216–227, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus